Zen and the art of attaining conceptual and implementation clarity: Socio-economic considerations, biosafety and decision-making

Jose Falck-Zepeda, Stuart Smyth, Karinne Anne Ludlow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Several countries have included socio-economic considerations (SECs) into domestic regulatory frameworks for biosafety and approval of genetically modified crops. Numerous others are contemplating such inclusion. This article addresses the conceptual design for including SECs in domestic regulatory frameworks, as well as related implementation issues and trade offs,highlighting the challenges through actual examples from countries that have already made that inclusion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-136
Number of pages20
JournalThe Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • biosafety
  • decision-making
  • regulations
  • socio-economics

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