This chapter emphasises the role welfare policy (or social policy) has upon young people’s lives and their transition to adulthood. We discusses the role that social policies play in the protracted transitions to adulthood of young people, stressing how structural factors determine a non-homogenous experience of transitions among young people. The chapter then illustrates how structural differences can be explained by variations across welfare regimes, and proposes welfare mixes as an alternative framework to understand how young people manage social risks in contemporary societies. Finally, the chapter discusses the implications of current labour market policies on young people, arguing that welfare state interventions are reinforcing the individualisation trend. Providing examples of how policy influences transitions, we argue that it is essential for youth sociologists to explore welfare sources as structures around young people. Moving beyond welfare regime-type analysis towards a focus on welfare mixes will, we contend, enable the development of a fuller appreciation of the processes that generate inequalities in youth transitions.
|Title of host publication||Handbuch Kindheits- und Jugendsoziologie|
|Editors||Andreas Lange, Christine Steiner, Sabine Schutter, Herwig Reiter|
|Place of Publication||Wiesbaden Germany|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Feb 2016|
- Young people
- Welfare mix