Working memory training

Megan Spencer-Smith, Torkel Klingberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


This chapter summarises the results of some meta-analyses evaluating the effects of a working memory training programme, and focuses on outcomes examined in the literature that are particularly relevant for ADHD: working memory, inhibitory control, academic performance, and behavioural symptoms of ADHD. It describes the results of the meta-analyses examining individual differences, and also focuses on outcomes for participants of different age groups and clinical status. The chapter provides Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines to identify trials to include in the meta-analysis. The current overview suggests to people that one promising practical use of working memory training is to decrease inattentive symptoms. Future analyses could suggest different responses for the different subgroups of individuals with distinct neuropsychological profiles, various comorbidities, and individuals prescribed different pharmaceutical treatments. One of the goals for future working memory training research should be to develop ecologically valid and objective measures of attention in everyday life.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Control
EditorsTobias Egner
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781118920473
ISBN (Print)9781118920541, 9781118920480
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • ADHD
  • behavioural symptoms
  • inhibitory control
  • memory training programme
  • neuropsychological test
  • pharmaceutical treatments
  • PRISMA guidelines

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