Work ability of employees with disabilities in Malaysia

Sobhan Lavasani, Nor Wahiza Abdul Wahat, Adriana Ortega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Based on a sample of employees with disability, this study aimed to: (1) evaluate the construct validity of work ability index (WAI), core self-evaluation scale (CSES) and job in general index (JIG), in order to make a valid and reliable assessment of their work ability, job satisfaction and core self-evaluation; (2) assess their levels of work ability, job satisfaction, and core self-evaluation; (3) investigate the associations of work ability with job satisfaction and core self-evaluation among them; and, (4) determine which demographic characteristics significantly affect the work ability of employees with disability.Methods: The sample consisted of 275 employees with disability. Data was collected using a self-administered survey.The analysis focussed on: (1) CFAfor evidence of the construct validity of the employed scales; (2) Descriptive analysis-for evaluating the variables of the study; (3) Pearson correlation analysis-for understanding the simple correlation between variables of the study; and, (4) One-way ANOVA-for identifying the demographic factors that influence the work ability of employees with disability. Results: The findings indicated that 29.5% of the participants had poor levels of work ability, while 35.3% reported moderate levels of work ability. Also, 49.1% of the participants reported moderate levels of core self-evaluation, and 70.5% exhibited high job satisfaction. In this study, work ability was found to be associated with core self-evaluation and job satisfaction. Significant differences in work ability levels were found in terms of age, level of education and employment status of the respondents. Conclusion: Work ability among employees with disabilities did not seem to be influenced merely by individual health status. Attitudinal and dispositional factors appeared to have a significant impact on their levels of work ability. The potential positive impact of education and employment status on employees’ levels of work ability are highlighted in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-46
Number of pages25
JournalDisability, CBR and Inclusive Development
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Core self-evaluation
  • Education
  • Employees with disability
  • Employment status
  • Job satisfaction
  • Work ability

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