Wilms tumor is an embryonal kidney tumor involving complex pathology and genetics. The Wilms tumor locus on chromosome 11p13 is defined by the region of overlap of constitutional and tumor-associated deletions. Chromosome walking and yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) cloning were used to clone and map 850 kilobases of DNA. Nine CpG islands, constituting a "CpG island archipelago," were identified, including three islands that were not apparent by conventional pulsed-field mapping, and thus were at least partially methylated. Three distinct transcriptional units were found closely associated with a CpG island within the boundaries of a homozygous DNA deletion in a Wilms tumor.