Whole genome sequencing of the Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) provides insights into the evolution of ray-finned fishes

Christopher M Austin, Tan Mun Hua, Han Ming Gan, Laurence J Croft, Michael P Hammer

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The Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) is of commercial importance, conservation concern, and is a representative of one of the oldest lineages of ray-finnedfish, the Osteoglossomorpha. Toaddto genomic knowledge of this species and the evolutionof teleosts, the genome of a Malaysian specimen of arowana was sequenced. Adraft genome is presented consisting of 42,110 scaffoldswith a total size of 708Mb (2.85 gaps) representing 93.95 of core eukaryotic genes. Using a k-mer-based method, a genome size of 900Mbwas also estimated. Wepresent an update on the phylogenomics of fishes based on a total of 27 species (23 fish species and 4 tetrapods) using 177 orthologous proteins (71,360 amino acid sites), which supports established relationships except that arowana is placed as the sister lineage to all teleost clades (Bayesian posterior probability 1.00, bootstrap replicate 93 ), that evolved after the teleost genome duplication event rather than the eels (Elopomorpha). Evolutionary rates are highly heterogeneous across the tree with fishes represented by both slowly and rapidly evolving lineages. A total of 94 putative pigment geneswere identified, providing the impetus for development of molecular markers associated with the spectacular colored phenotypes found within this species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2885 - 2895
Number of pages11
JournalGenome Biology and Evolution
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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