Who Goes to Metropolitan Parks? A Latent Class Analysis Approach to Understanding Park Visitation

Jenny Veitch, Wei C. Wang, Jo Salmon, Alison Carver, Billie Giles-Corti, Anna Timperio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to identify typologies of park visitors and to examine associations among these typologies and socio-demographic characteristics. In 2013, intercept interviews were completed with 794 adult park visitors at two large parks located in Melbourne, Australia. Latent class analysis identified three classes of visitor: physically active visitor, with dog (12.4%); physically active visitor, with no dog (35.7%); and infrequent, low active, social visitor (51.9%). Respondents who were older and owned a dog had higher odds of being in Class 1 and Class 2. Respondents who had children had higher odds of being in Class 3. Respondents who reported poor health were less likely to be in Class 2 than in Class 3. Park users can be distinguished by the behaviors in which they engage. Understanding typologies of visitors will assist with the development of intervention strategies to optimize park visitation and park-based physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-355
Number of pages13
JournalLeisure Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2018


  • open space
  • physical activity
  • physical environment

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