What Works in Youth Suicide Prevention? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Jo Robinson, Eleanor Bailey, Katrina Witt, Nina Stefanac, Allison Milner, Dianne Currier, Jane Pirkis, Patrick Condron, Sarah Hetrick

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Young people require specific attention when it comes to suicide prevention, however efforts need to be based on robust evidence.

Methods
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all studies examining the impact of interventions that were specifically designed to reduce suicide-related behavior in young people.

Findings
Ninety-nine studies were identified, of which 52 were conducted in clinical settings, 31 in educational or workplace settings, and 15 in community settings. Around half were randomized controlled trials. Large scale interventions delivered in both clinical and educational settings appear to reduce self-harm and suicidal ideation post-intervention, and to a lesser extent at follow-up. In community settings, multi-faceted, place-based approaches seem to have an impact. Study quality was limited.

Interpretation
Overall whilst the number and range of studies is encouraging, gaps exist. Few studies were conducted in low-middle income countries or with demographic populations known to be at increased risk. Similarly, there was a lack of studies conducted in primary care, universities and workplaces. However, we identified that specific youth suicide-prevention interventions can reduce self-harm and suicidal ideation; these types of intervention need testing in high-quality studies.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages40
JournaleClinical Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 Oct 2018

Cite this

Robinson, J., Bailey, E., Witt, K., Stefanac, N., Milner, A., Currier, D., ... Hetrick, S. (Accepted/In press). What Works in Youth Suicide Prevention? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. eClinical Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2018.10.004
Robinson, Jo ; Bailey, Eleanor ; Witt, Katrina ; Stefanac, Nina ; Milner, Allison ; Currier, Dianne ; Pirkis, Jane ; Condron, Patrick ; Hetrick, Sarah. / What Works in Youth Suicide Prevention? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. In: eClinical Medicine. 2018.
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Robinson, J, Bailey, E, Witt, K, Stefanac, N, Milner, A, Currier, D, Pirkis, J, Condron, P & Hetrick, S 2018, 'What Works in Youth Suicide Prevention? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis', eClinical Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2018.10.004

What Works in Youth Suicide Prevention? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. / Robinson, Jo; Bailey, Eleanor; Witt, Katrina; Stefanac, Nina; Milner, Allison; Currier, Dianne; Pirkis, Jane; Condron, Patrick; Hetrick, Sarah.

In: eClinical Medicine, 27.10.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Robinson, Jo

AU - Bailey, Eleanor

AU - Witt, Katrina

AU - Stefanac, Nina

AU - Milner, Allison

AU - Currier, Dianne

AU - Pirkis, Jane

AU - Condron, Patrick

AU - Hetrick, Sarah

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