Charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy (CN) is a progressive disease affecting the bones, joints and soft tissue of the foot and ankle, most commonly associated with diabetic neuropathy. Patients with diabetes complicated by CN have especially high morbidity, frequency of hospitalisation, and therefore, significant utilisation of expensive medical resources. The diagnosis of early CN can be challenging and is based on clinical presentation supported by various imaging modalities. Imaging is important for the detection of early CN and is useful in monitoring progression and complications of the disease. The later stages of CN are potentially devastating for individuals and present an increasing socioeconomic challenge for health systems. The astute radiologist, particularly in the context of a multidisciplinary team, plays a critical role in diagnosis of the primary disease and its complications. This review article aims to outline the key features of CN, emphasising current clinical and radiologic concepts as an aid for the practising radiologist. ? 2015 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists.
- diabetes mellitus