What is the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements. Methods: Three hundred and eighteen participants (M = 46.0 years, SD = 13.7 years; female: 81.8%) completed an online survey that assessed aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness (including regular mindfulness meditation [MM]), and self-reported crashes and infringements during the past 2 years. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors and mindfulness simultaneously, as well as with participants' age and estimated kilometers driven over the past year. Results: The results of the SEM showed that mindfulness was negatively related to each self-reported aberrant driving behavior, with the strongest relationships being between mindfulness and driving-related lapses (−0.58) and errors (−0.46). Participants who practice MM had significantly fewer crashes in the past 2 years and reported significantly fewer driving-related violations and lapses compared to participants who did not practice MM (crashes: 9.3% vs. 18.8%, P < .05; violations: M = 6.66 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 7.68 [SD = 4.53], P < .05; errors: M = 5.17 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 6.19 [SD = 4.12], P < .05). Conclusions: More research is needed to understand whether MM results in more mindful and attentive drivers or whether individuals who practice MM may have other traits or behaviors that are linked to improved safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-487
Number of pages8
JournalTraffic Injury Prevention
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Aberrant driving behaviors
  • crashes
  • infringements
  • mindfulness
  • road safety

Cite this

@article{5102ec2b888d451ea3249448d4c5a172,
title = "What is the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements?",
abstract = "Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements. Methods: Three hundred and eighteen participants (M = 46.0 years, SD = 13.7 years; female: 81.8{\%}) completed an online survey that assessed aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness (including regular mindfulness meditation [MM]), and self-reported crashes and infringements during the past 2 years. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors and mindfulness simultaneously, as well as with participants' age and estimated kilometers driven over the past year. Results: The results of the SEM showed that mindfulness was negatively related to each self-reported aberrant driving behavior, with the strongest relationships being between mindfulness and driving-related lapses (−0.58) and errors (−0.46). Participants who practice MM had significantly fewer crashes in the past 2 years and reported significantly fewer driving-related violations and lapses compared to participants who did not practice MM (crashes: 9.3{\%} vs. 18.8{\%}, P < .05; violations: M = 6.66 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 7.68 [SD = 4.53], P < .05; errors: M = 5.17 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 6.19 [SD = 4.12], P < .05). Conclusions: More research is needed to understand whether MM results in more mindful and attentive drivers or whether individuals who practice MM may have other traits or behaviors that are linked to improved safety.",
keywords = "Aberrant driving behaviors, crashes, infringements, mindfulness, road safety",
author = "Sjaan Koppel and Stephens, {Amanda N.} and Young, {Kristie L.} and Phuong Hua and Richard Chambers and Craig Hassed",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/15389588.2018.1440083",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "480--487",
journal = "Traffic Injury Prevention",
issn = "1538-9588",
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}

What is the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements? / Koppel, Sjaan; Stephens, Amanda N.; Young, Kristie L.; Hua, Phuong; Chambers, Richard; Hassed, Craig.

In: Traffic Injury Prevention, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2018, p. 480-487.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - What is the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements?

AU - Koppel, Sjaan

AU - Stephens, Amanda N.

AU - Young, Kristie L.

AU - Hua, Phuong

AU - Chambers, Richard

AU - Hassed, Craig

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements. Methods: Three hundred and eighteen participants (M = 46.0 years, SD = 13.7 years; female: 81.8%) completed an online survey that assessed aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness (including regular mindfulness meditation [MM]), and self-reported crashes and infringements during the past 2 years. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors and mindfulness simultaneously, as well as with participants' age and estimated kilometers driven over the past year. Results: The results of the SEM showed that mindfulness was negatively related to each self-reported aberrant driving behavior, with the strongest relationships being between mindfulness and driving-related lapses (−0.58) and errors (−0.46). Participants who practice MM had significantly fewer crashes in the past 2 years and reported significantly fewer driving-related violations and lapses compared to participants who did not practice MM (crashes: 9.3% vs. 18.8%, P < .05; violations: M = 6.66 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 7.68 [SD = 4.53], P < .05; errors: M = 5.17 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 6.19 [SD = 4.12], P < .05). Conclusions: More research is needed to understand whether MM results in more mindful and attentive drivers or whether individuals who practice MM may have other traits or behaviors that are linked to improved safety.

AB - Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness, and self-reported crashes and infringements. Methods: Three hundred and eighteen participants (M = 46.0 years, SD = 13.7 years; female: 81.8%) completed an online survey that assessed aberrant driving behaviors, mindfulness (including regular mindfulness meditation [MM]), and self-reported crashes and infringements during the past 2 years. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relationship between self-reported aberrant driving behaviors and mindfulness simultaneously, as well as with participants' age and estimated kilometers driven over the past year. Results: The results of the SEM showed that mindfulness was negatively related to each self-reported aberrant driving behavior, with the strongest relationships being between mindfulness and driving-related lapses (−0.58) and errors (−0.46). Participants who practice MM had significantly fewer crashes in the past 2 years and reported significantly fewer driving-related violations and lapses compared to participants who did not practice MM (crashes: 9.3% vs. 18.8%, P < .05; violations: M = 6.66 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 7.68 [SD = 4.53], P < .05; errors: M = 5.17 [SD = 3.44] vs. M = 6.19 [SD = 4.12], P < .05). Conclusions: More research is needed to understand whether MM results in more mindful and attentive drivers or whether individuals who practice MM may have other traits or behaviors that are linked to improved safety.

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JF - Traffic Injury Prevention

SN - 1538-9588

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