What has driven the great fertility decline in developing countries since 1960?

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Several developing countries are currently experiencing a significant fertility decline, however, academic economists have paid little attention to this transition. This paper seeks to explain the fertility transition by infant mortality, urbanisation, income, culture and educational attainment of females and males using annual data for 92 developing countries over the period 1960–2014. External instruments are used to deal with endogeneity. The results suggest that increasing per capita income, improved female education and increasing secularisation have been important determinants for declining fertility in the developing world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)738-757
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Development Studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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