What are the educational and curriculum needs for emergency medical technicians in Taiwan? A scoping review

Yu-Tung Chang, Kuang-Chau Tsai, Brett Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Purpose: The development of emergency medical services (EMS) training in Taiwan is in a transitional phase because of increasing demand for, and advancements in, clinical skill sets. The aim of this study is to review the current literature to compare the key factors of EMS training and education development in different countries in order to provide a new curricula blueprint for the Taiwanese EMS training system.

Method: The method follows Arksey and O’Malley’s six stages of scoping review.

Results: Five databases were searched for relevant articles: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database; Education Resources Information Center, and Google Scholar. The initial search of five databases produced 1,230 articles, of which title and abstract screening excluded 1,156 articles. The 74 remaining articles underwent a full-text screening process, which further reduced the number of articles to 22. Researching references and citations produced an additional 23 articles, national curriculum standards produced a further six documents,and one article derived from emergency medical technician (EMT) regulation in Taiwan.In total, 52 articles were included in the study, categorized by competency and standards, EMT education and learning environment, curriculum design, and teaching and learning method.

Conclusion: This study reviewed international EMS training and education literature and documents to summarize the essential elements for developing an EMS education system: for example, core competencies and standards, education environment, curriculum design, and teaching and learning method. By connecting the essential elements for developing an EMS education system, a blueprint for the Taiwanese EMS education system can be identified. Analysis and study of the essential elements will provide educators with clear direction in developing the EMS education system in Taiwan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-667
Number of pages17
JournalAdvances in Medical Education and Practice
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sept 2017

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