Wettability and applications of nanochannels

Xiqi Zhang, Hongliang Liu, Lei Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wettability in nanochannels is of great importance for understanding many challenging problems in interface chemistry and fluid mechanics, and presents versatile applications including mass transport, catalysis, chemical reaction, nanofabrication, batteries, and separation. Recently, both molecular dynamic simulations and experimental measurements have been employed to study wettability in nanochannels. Here, wettability in three types of nanochannels comprising 1D nanochannels, 2D nanochannels, and 3D nanochannels is summarized both theoretically and experimentally. The proposed concept of “quantum-confined superfluid” for ultrafast mass transport in nanochannels is first introduced, and the mostly studied 1D nanochannels are reviewed from molecular simulation to water wettability, followed by reversible switching of water wettability via external stimuli (temperature and voltage). Liquid transport and two confinement strategies in nanochannels of melt wetting and liquid wetting are also included. Then, molecular simulation, water wettability, liquid transport, and confinement in nanochannels are introduced for 2D nanochannels and 3D nanochannels, respectively. Based on the wettability in nanochannels, broad applications of various nanochannels are presented. Finally, the perspective for future challenges in the wettability and applications of nanochannels is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1804508
Number of pages32
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes
  • liquid wetting
  • melt wetting
  • nanochannels
  • ultrafast mass transport
  • wettability

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