‘We're going to do CPR’

A linguistic study of the words used to initiate dispatcher-assisted CPR and their association with caller agreement

Marine Riou, Stephen Ball, Austin Whiteside, Janet Bray, Gavin D. Perkins, Karen Smith, Kay L. O'Halloran, Daniel M. Fatovich, Madoka Inoue, Paul Bailey, Peter Cameron, Deon Brink, Judith Finn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In emergency ambulance calls for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) plays a crucial role in patient survival. We examined whether the language used by dispatchers to initiate CPR had an impact on callers’ agreement to perform CPR. Methods: We analysed 424 emergency calls relating to cases of paramedic-confirmed OHCA where OHCA was recognised by the dispatcher, the caller was with the patient, and resuscitation was attempted by paramedics. We investigated the linguistic choices used by dispatchers to initiate CPR, and the impact of those choices on caller agreement to perform CPR. Results: Overall, CPR occurred in 85% of calls. Caller agreement was low (43%) when dispatchers used terms of willingness (“do you want to do CPR?”). Caller agreement was high (97% and 84% respectively) when dispatchers talked about CPR in terms of futurity (“we are going to do CPR”) or obligation (“we need to do CPR”). In 38% (25/66) of calls where the caller initially declined CPR, the dispatcher eventually secured their agreement by making several attempts at initiating CPR. Conclusion: There is potential for increased agreement to perform CPR if dispatchers are trained to initiate CPR with words of futurity and/or obligation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Communication
  • Conversation analysis
  • Dispatch
  • Emergency calls
  • Emergency medical services
  • Linguistics
  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Cite this

Riou, Marine ; Ball, Stephen ; Whiteside, Austin ; Bray, Janet ; Perkins, Gavin D. ; Smith, Karen ; O'Halloran, Kay L. ; Fatovich, Daniel M. ; Inoue, Madoka ; Bailey, Paul ; Cameron, Peter ; Brink, Deon ; Finn, Judith. / ‘We're going to do CPR’ : A linguistic study of the words used to initiate dispatcher-assisted CPR and their association with caller agreement. In: Resuscitation. 2018 ; Vol. 133. pp. 95-100.
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title = "‘We're going to do CPR’: A linguistic study of the words used to initiate dispatcher-assisted CPR and their association with caller agreement",
abstract = "Background: In emergency ambulance calls for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) plays a crucial role in patient survival. We examined whether the language used by dispatchers to initiate CPR had an impact on callers’ agreement to perform CPR. Methods: We analysed 424 emergency calls relating to cases of paramedic-confirmed OHCA where OHCA was recognised by the dispatcher, the caller was with the patient, and resuscitation was attempted by paramedics. We investigated the linguistic choices used by dispatchers to initiate CPR, and the impact of those choices on caller agreement to perform CPR. Results: Overall, CPR occurred in 85{\%} of calls. Caller agreement was low (43{\%}) when dispatchers used terms of willingness (“do you want to do CPR?”). Caller agreement was high (97{\%} and 84{\%} respectively) when dispatchers talked about CPR in terms of futurity (“we are going to do CPR”) or obligation (“we need to do CPR”). In 38{\%} (25/66) of calls where the caller initially declined CPR, the dispatcher eventually secured their agreement by making several attempts at initiating CPR. Conclusion: There is potential for increased agreement to perform CPR if dispatchers are trained to initiate CPR with words of futurity and/or obligation.",
keywords = "Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Communication, Conversation analysis, Dispatch, Emergency calls, Emergency medical services, Linguistics, Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest",
author = "Marine Riou and Stephen Ball and Austin Whiteside and Janet Bray and Perkins, {Gavin D.} and Karen Smith and O'Halloran, {Kay L.} and Fatovich, {Daniel M.} and Madoka Inoue and Paul Bailey and Peter Cameron and Deon Brink and Judith Finn",
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‘We're going to do CPR’ : A linguistic study of the words used to initiate dispatcher-assisted CPR and their association with caller agreement. / Riou, Marine; Ball, Stephen; Whiteside, Austin; Bray, Janet; Perkins, Gavin D.; Smith, Karen; O'Halloran, Kay L.; Fatovich, Daniel M.; Inoue, Madoka; Bailey, Paul; Cameron, Peter; Brink, Deon; Finn, Judith.

In: Resuscitation, Vol. 133, 01.12.2018, p. 95-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T2 - A linguistic study of the words used to initiate dispatcher-assisted CPR and their association with caller agreement

AU - Riou, Marine

AU - Ball, Stephen

AU - Whiteside, Austin

AU - Bray, Janet

AU - Perkins, Gavin D.

AU - Smith, Karen

AU - O'Halloran, Kay L.

AU - Fatovich, Daniel M.

AU - Inoue, Madoka

AU - Bailey, Paul

AU - Cameron, Peter

AU - Brink, Deon

AU - Finn, Judith

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N2 - Background: In emergency ambulance calls for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) plays a crucial role in patient survival. We examined whether the language used by dispatchers to initiate CPR had an impact on callers’ agreement to perform CPR. Methods: We analysed 424 emergency calls relating to cases of paramedic-confirmed OHCA where OHCA was recognised by the dispatcher, the caller was with the patient, and resuscitation was attempted by paramedics. We investigated the linguistic choices used by dispatchers to initiate CPR, and the impact of those choices on caller agreement to perform CPR. Results: Overall, CPR occurred in 85% of calls. Caller agreement was low (43%) when dispatchers used terms of willingness (“do you want to do CPR?”). Caller agreement was high (97% and 84% respectively) when dispatchers talked about CPR in terms of futurity (“we are going to do CPR”) or obligation (“we need to do CPR”). In 38% (25/66) of calls where the caller initially declined CPR, the dispatcher eventually secured their agreement by making several attempts at initiating CPR. Conclusion: There is potential for increased agreement to perform CPR if dispatchers are trained to initiate CPR with words of futurity and/or obligation.

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KW - Dispatch

KW - Emergency calls

KW - Emergency medical services

KW - Linguistics

KW - Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

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