Weight management interventions in women with and without pcos: A systematic review

Josefin Kataoka, Eliza C. Tassone, Marie Misso, Anju E. Joham, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Helena Teede, Lisa J. Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy among women associated with reproductive, metabolic and psychological features. While weight management is recommended as first-line treatment, it is unclear if women with PCOS achieve similar benefits as women without PCOS. This systematic review thus aimed to compare the efficacy of weight management interventions in women with and without PCOS. Databases were searched until May 2017. The primary outcome was weight and anthropometric, reproductive, metabolic and psychological measures were secondary outcomes. Of 3264 articles identified, 14 studies involving n = 933 (n = 9 high and n = 5 moderate risk of bias) met the inclusion criteria. No statistically significant differences in weight or weight loss following the intervention were found between women with and without PCOS in five studies, with the remaining studies not comparing the difference in weight or weight loss between these groups. Secondary outcomes did not differ significantly between the two groups. This review identified that there is a paucity of high quality research in this area and that more rigorous research is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number996
Number of pages19
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Insulin resistance
  • Obesity
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Systematic review
  • Weight loss

Cite this

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title = "Weight management interventions in women with and without pcos: A systematic review",
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Weight management interventions in women with and without pcos : A systematic review. / Kataoka, Josefin; Tassone, Eliza C.; Misso, Marie; Joham, Anju E.; Stener-Victorin, Elisabet; Teede, Helena; Moran, Lisa J.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 9, No. 9, 996, 01.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Misso, Marie

AU - Joham, Anju E.

AU - Stener-Victorin, Elisabet

AU - Teede, Helena

AU - Moran, Lisa J.

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AB - Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy among women associated with reproductive, metabolic and psychological features. While weight management is recommended as first-line treatment, it is unclear if women with PCOS achieve similar benefits as women without PCOS. This systematic review thus aimed to compare the efficacy of weight management interventions in women with and without PCOS. Databases were searched until May 2017. The primary outcome was weight and anthropometric, reproductive, metabolic and psychological measures were secondary outcomes. Of 3264 articles identified, 14 studies involving n = 933 (n = 9 high and n = 5 moderate risk of bias) met the inclusion criteria. No statistically significant differences in weight or weight loss following the intervention were found between women with and without PCOS in five studies, with the remaining studies not comparing the difference in weight or weight loss between these groups. Secondary outcomes did not differ significantly between the two groups. This review identified that there is a paucity of high quality research in this area and that more rigorous research is needed.

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