Wearable Triboelectric sensor for respiration and coughing monitoring

David F.Vera Anaya, Mehmet R. Yuce

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The COVID-19 Pandemic has reminded society of the vital importance of breathing monitoring, especially in the adult population. Abnormalities in respiration rate may indicate problems in the respiratory organs caused by possible infections, obstructions, certain lung, heart, or neurological conditions, stress, or anxiety. On the other hand, coughing monitoring (another indicator of coronavirus infection) can benefit from unbiased assessment methods that complement the physician's expertise. This manuscript reports the design and experiment results of a portable, low weight, and easy-to-manufacture Triboelectric Nanogenerator-based (TENG-based) respiratory and coughing sensor. The Triboelectric Sensor's (TS) small size and versatile design allow it to be attached to an elastic band or a hook-and-loop band and placed in different body parts or inside a disposable mask. When placed on the body, the triboelectric effect in the sensor layers, resulting from the vibration and movement of the chest, upper abdomen, or neck, is translated into an electric voltage, which is wirelessly transmitted using Low-power Bluetooth (BLE) communication. The results show the good response of the sensor to slow, fast and deep breaths while sitting and standing. The sensor also detects low, fast, and intense coughing events while sitting, standing, and walking. This demonstrates the potential of this technology scarcely used for breath and cough monitoring in literature.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE Sensors 2021 - 2021 Conference Proceedings
EditorsEnakshi Bhattacharya, Gijs Krijnen
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728195018
ISBN (Print)9781728195025
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventIEEE Conference on Sensors 2021 - Online, Australia
Duration: 31 Oct 20214 Nov 2021
Conference number: 20th
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/9639447/proceeding (Proceedings)
https://2021.ieee-sensorsconference.org (Website)

Publication series

NameProceedings of IEEE Sensors
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN (Print)1930-0395
ISSN (Electronic)2168-9229


ConferenceIEEE Conference on Sensors 2021
Abbreviated titleSENSORS 2021
Internet address


  • Breathing Monitoring
  • Coughing Monitoring
  • TENG
  • Triboelectric Sensor
  • Wearable Device

Cite this