Ways of Thinking: the development and application of an instrument to measure dispositional thinking traits

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster


Cognitive style has been described as the ways one prefers to think, and is considered a dispositional trait. Drawing on the legacy of the psycholexicalmethod, the Ways of Thinking (WOT) instrument was developed to further our understanding of dispositional thinking. This paper will summarisethe development of the WOT from both quantitative (classical test theory and item response theory) and qualitative (phenomenological) perspectives. The final instrument uses a hierarchical structure of 21 lower order facets, subsumed by six higher order factors of Surgent, Creative, Control, Intuitive, Free, andScientificthinking. An alternative model of thinking typologies also provided evidence for Realistand Ideaistthinkers. Preliminary investigations into the relationships between thinking and personality, occupational interests, mental health, resilience, and wellbeing are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventSociety for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Convention 2017 - San Antonio, United States of America
Duration: 19 Jan 201721 Jan 2017


ConferenceSociety for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Convention 2017
Abbreviated titleSPSP 2017
CountryUnited States of America
CitySan Antonio


  • Cognitive style
  • Psychological assessment
  • Instrument development

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