Waves in screeching jets

Daniel Edgington-Mitchell, Tianye Wang, Petronio Nogueira, Oliver Schmidt, Vincent Jaunet, Daniel Duke, Peter Jordan, Aaron Towne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The interaction between various wave-like structures in screeching jets is considered via both experimental measurements and linear stability theory. Velocity snapshots of screeching jets are used to produce a reduced-order model of the screech cycle via proper orthogonal decomposition. Streamwise Fourier filtering is then applied to isolate the negative and positive wavenumber components, which for the waves of interest in this jet correspond to upstream-and downstream-Travelling waves. A global stability analysis on an experimentally derived base flow is conducted, demonstrating a close match to the results obtained via experiment, indicating that the mechanisms considered here are well represented in a linear framework. In both the global stability analysis and the experimental decomposition, three distinct wave-like structures are evident; these waves are also solutions to the cylindrical vortex-sheet dispersion relation. One of the waves is the well-known downstream-Travelling Kelvin-Helmholtz mode. Another is the upstream-Travelling guided jet mode that has been a topic of recent discussion by a number of authors. The third component, with positive phase velocity, has not previously been identified in screeching jets. Via a local stability analysis, we provide evidence that this downstream-Travelling wave is a duct-like mode similar to that recently identified in high-subsonic jets. We further demonstrate that both of the latter two waves are generated by the interaction between the Kelvin-Helmholtz wavepacket and the shock cells in the flow. Finally, we consider the periodic spatial modulation of the coherent velocity fluctuation evident in screeching jets, and show that this modulation can be at least partially explained by the superposition of the three wave-like structures, in addition to any possible modulation of the Kelvin-Helmholtz wavepacket by the shocks themselves.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA7
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Issue numberA7
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2021


  • aeroacoustics
  • jet noise
  • jets

Cite this