Water pipes in Malaysia: technical and capital cost comparison

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther


As a developing country, Malaysia is not spared from the challenges of keeping non-revenue water(NRW) rates low. While the water authorities are dealing with leakage due to burst pipes and ongoing pipe replacement projects, it is critical to make the right decisions for a better future. An overview of demographics and NRW reported in each state provided the motivation to compile technical and cost information for the different types of water pipes available in Malaysia. Technical characteristics of each type of pipe material are discussed and presented. A basic breakdown of cost which includes material and installation works for Mild Steel, Ductile Iron, High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and Molecularly Oriented Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC-O) pipes is included based on quoted pricing by two leading homegrown construction conglomerates. A comparative summary for these 4 different types of water pipe materials are consolidated in this paper to assist water stakeholders' in making informed and sustainable choices for future water pipe installation and replacement projects.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Sustainable Business Innovation: New Normal Going Forward
Subtitle of host publicationThe 6th International Conference of Accounting, Business, and Economics (ICABEC 2020)
Place of PublicationTerengganu Malaysia
PublisherUniversiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9789672939399
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventInternational Conference on Accounting, Business and Economics 2020 - Terengganu, Malaysia
Duration: 16 Dec 202017 Dec 2020
Conference number: 6th


ConferenceInternational Conference on Accounting, Business and Economics 2020
Abbreviated titleICABEC 2020


  • Non-revenue water
  • mild steel
  • ductile iron
  • HDPE
  • Water pipes
  • PVC-O

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