Want to earn a few extra bucks? a first look at money-making apps

Yangyu Hu, Haoyu Wang, Li Li, Yao Guo, Guoai Xu, Ren He

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Have you ever thought of earning profits from the apps that you are using on your mobile device? It is actually achievable thanks to many so-called money-making apps, which pay app users to complete tasks such as installing another app or clicking an advertisement. To the best of our knowledge, no existing studies have investigated the characteristics of moneymaking apps. To this end, we conduct the first exploratory study to understand the features and implications of money-making apps. We first propose a semi-Automated approach aiming to harvest money-making apps from Google Play and alternative app markets. Then we create a taxonomy to classify them into five categories and perform an empirical study from different aspects. Our study reveals several interesting observations: (1) moneymaking apps have become the target of malicious developers, as we found many of them expose mobile users to serious privacy and security risks. Roughly 26% of the studied apps are potentially malicious. (2) these apps have attracted millions of users, however, many users complain that they are cheated by these apps. We also revealed that ranking fraud techniques are widely used in these apps to promote the ranking of apps inside app markets. (3) these apps usually spread inappropriate and malicious contents, while unsuspicious users could get infected. Our study demonstrates the emergency for detecting and regulating this kind of apps and protect mobile users.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering
EditorsXinyu Wang, David Lo, Emad Shihab
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages332-343
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781728105918
ISBN (Print)9781728105925
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventIEEE International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering 2019 - Hangzhou, China
Duration: 24 Feb 201927 Feb 2019
Conference number: 26th
https://saner2019.github.io/

Conference

ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering 2019
Abbreviated titleSANER 2019
CountryChina
CityHangzhou
Period24/02/1927/02/19
Internet address

Keywords

  • Android
  • Malware
  • Mobile Ads
  • Mobile Security
  • Money-making apps
  • Pay-Per-Install

Cite this

Hu, Y., Wang, H., Li, L., Guo, Y., Xu, G., & He, R. (2019). Want to earn a few extra bucks? a first look at money-making apps. In X. Wang, D. Lo, & E. Shihab (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering (pp. 332-343). [8668035] Piscataway NJ USA: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/SANER.2019.8668035
Hu, Yangyu ; Wang, Haoyu ; Li, Li ; Guo, Yao ; Xu, Guoai ; He, Ren. / Want to earn a few extra bucks? a first look at money-making apps. Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering. editor / Xinyu Wang ; David Lo ; Emad Shihab. Piscataway NJ USA : IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019. pp. 332-343
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abstract = "Have you ever thought of earning profits from the apps that you are using on your mobile device? It is actually achievable thanks to many so-called money-making apps, which pay app users to complete tasks such as installing another app or clicking an advertisement. To the best of our knowledge, no existing studies have investigated the characteristics of moneymaking apps. To this end, we conduct the first exploratory study to understand the features and implications of money-making apps. We first propose a semi-Automated approach aiming to harvest money-making apps from Google Play and alternative app markets. Then we create a taxonomy to classify them into five categories and perform an empirical study from different aspects. Our study reveals several interesting observations: (1) moneymaking apps have become the target of malicious developers, as we found many of them expose mobile users to serious privacy and security risks. Roughly 26{\%} of the studied apps are potentially malicious. (2) these apps have attracted millions of users, however, many users complain that they are cheated by these apps. We also revealed that ranking fraud techniques are widely used in these apps to promote the ranking of apps inside app markets. (3) these apps usually spread inappropriate and malicious contents, while unsuspicious users could get infected. Our study demonstrates the emergency for detecting and regulating this kind of apps and protect mobile users.",
keywords = "Android, Malware, Mobile Ads, Mobile Security, Money-making apps, Pay-Per-Install",
author = "Yangyu Hu and Haoyu Wang and Li Li and Yao Guo and Guoai Xu and Ren He",
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Hu, Y, Wang, H, Li, L, Guo, Y, Xu, G & He, R 2019, Want to earn a few extra bucks? a first look at money-making apps. in X Wang, D Lo & E Shihab (eds), Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering., 8668035, IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway NJ USA, pp. 332-343, IEEE International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering 2019, Hangzhou, China, 24/02/19. https://doi.org/10.1109/SANER.2019.8668035

Want to earn a few extra bucks? a first look at money-making apps. / Hu, Yangyu; Wang, Haoyu; Li, Li; Guo, Yao; Xu, Guoai; He, Ren.

Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering. ed. / Xinyu Wang; David Lo; Emad Shihab. Piscataway NJ USA : IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019. p. 332-343 8668035.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Want to earn a few extra bucks? a first look at money-making apps

AU - Hu, Yangyu

AU - Wang, Haoyu

AU - Li, Li

AU - Guo, Yao

AU - Xu, Guoai

AU - He, Ren

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Have you ever thought of earning profits from the apps that you are using on your mobile device? It is actually achievable thanks to many so-called money-making apps, which pay app users to complete tasks such as installing another app or clicking an advertisement. To the best of our knowledge, no existing studies have investigated the characteristics of moneymaking apps. To this end, we conduct the first exploratory study to understand the features and implications of money-making apps. We first propose a semi-Automated approach aiming to harvest money-making apps from Google Play and alternative app markets. Then we create a taxonomy to classify them into five categories and perform an empirical study from different aspects. Our study reveals several interesting observations: (1) moneymaking apps have become the target of malicious developers, as we found many of them expose mobile users to serious privacy and security risks. Roughly 26% of the studied apps are potentially malicious. (2) these apps have attracted millions of users, however, many users complain that they are cheated by these apps. We also revealed that ranking fraud techniques are widely used in these apps to promote the ranking of apps inside app markets. (3) these apps usually spread inappropriate and malicious contents, while unsuspicious users could get infected. Our study demonstrates the emergency for detecting and regulating this kind of apps and protect mobile users.

AB - Have you ever thought of earning profits from the apps that you are using on your mobile device? It is actually achievable thanks to many so-called money-making apps, which pay app users to complete tasks such as installing another app or clicking an advertisement. To the best of our knowledge, no existing studies have investigated the characteristics of moneymaking apps. To this end, we conduct the first exploratory study to understand the features and implications of money-making apps. We first propose a semi-Automated approach aiming to harvest money-making apps from Google Play and alternative app markets. Then we create a taxonomy to classify them into five categories and perform an empirical study from different aspects. Our study reveals several interesting observations: (1) moneymaking apps have become the target of malicious developers, as we found many of them expose mobile users to serious privacy and security risks. Roughly 26% of the studied apps are potentially malicious. (2) these apps have attracted millions of users, however, many users complain that they are cheated by these apps. We also revealed that ranking fraud techniques are widely used in these apps to promote the ranking of apps inside app markets. (3) these apps usually spread inappropriate and malicious contents, while unsuspicious users could get infected. Our study demonstrates the emergency for detecting and regulating this kind of apps and protect mobile users.

KW - Android

KW - Malware

KW - Mobile Ads

KW - Mobile Security

KW - Money-making apps

KW - Pay-Per-Install

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U2 - 10.1109/SANER.2019.8668035

DO - 10.1109/SANER.2019.8668035

M3 - Conference Paper

SN - 9781728105925

SP - 332

EP - 343

BT - Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering

A2 - Wang, Xinyu

A2 - Lo, David

A2 - Shihab, Emad

PB - IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

CY - Piscataway NJ USA

ER -

Hu Y, Wang H, Li L, Guo Y, Xu G, He R. Want to earn a few extra bucks? a first look at money-making apps. In Wang X, Lo D, Shihab E, editors, Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution, and Reengineering. Piscataway NJ USA: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2019. p. 332-343. 8668035 https://doi.org/10.1109/SANER.2019.8668035