Wal-Mart innovation and productivity: A viewpoint

Richard Freeman, Alice O Nakamura, Leonard I Nakamura, Marc Prud'homme, Amanda Mary Dallin Pyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Technology effects, business process development, and productivity growth are considered in the context of a single company: Wal-Mart. The starting point is the 2001 McKinsey Global Institute report, which finds that over 1995-2000, a quarter of U.S. productivity growth is attributable to the retail industry, and almost a sixth of that is attributable to Wal-Mart. Wal-Mart is interesting as well because of its rapid growth in Canada. This is now Canada s largest private sector employer. We also consider other evidence relevant to public policy formation concerning Wal-Mart and conclude with a discussion of options for partially filling important data gaps.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486 - 508
Number of pages23
JournalCanadian Journal of Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Freeman, R., Nakamura, A. O., Nakamura, L. I., Prud'homme, M., & Pyman, A. M. D. (2011). Wal-Mart innovation and productivity: A viewpoint. Canadian Journal of Economics, 44(2), 486 - 508. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5982.2011.01641.x