Objectives: To document and describe outpatient persistent pain managementservices in Australia. Design, participants and setting: Systematic survey conducted between 1 December 2008 and 31 January 2010 of 57 services providing outpatient care to adult clients with persistent pain, plus five specialised paediatric services throughout Australia. Main outcome measures: Service structure, including funding processes; activity, including client numbers, access to specialised services (inpatient care, pain relief interventions); waiting times; and use of allied-health-professionalbased pain management programs. Results: Of 68 services identified, 57 participated in the study. The median waiting time from referral receipt to initial clinical assessment for a publicly funded outpatient adult pain management service was 150 days, compared with 38.5 days for a privately funded service (P <0.05). There was substantial variability among providers in range of services offered, including provision and duration of allied-health pain management programs. The level of service provision for children and rural patients is notably lower than that reported for urban adult constituents. Conclusions: Persistent pain management services are currently unable to meet service requirements adequately, and waiting times are more prolonged for publicly funded than privately funded services. Greater service provision is required in rural areas and for children.