In Australia, veterans are a vulnerable group, because of ageing, and high rates of chronic or life-threatening illnesses and poor mental health. This retrospective pilot study explored the home-based palliative care needs of veterans as they face the end of their life, compared to non-veterans. Medical records of ten deceased veterans and ten non-veterans in a home-based palliative care service were analyzed both for demographic data, and qualitative content. Veterans had significantly more comorbidities and were older at death. Qualitative data indicated common concerns, including the role of families and practical aspects of care. Some differences were found between veterans and non-veterans in their end-of-life care requirements. More awareness of veterans status may assist in care more tailored to their specific needs.