Vitamin D supplementation may improve back pain disability in vitamin D deficient and overweight or obese adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Back pain is currently the greatest cause of disability worldwide, and there are very limited therapeutic options available. Vitamin D deficiency and obesity are both risk factors for back pain. The few randomised controlled trials examining the effects of vitamin D supplementation on back pain have methodological limitations and largely include non-vitamin D deficient participants. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether vitamin D supplementation improves back pain symptoms in vitamin D deficient and overweight or obese, otherwise healthy adults. Sixty-five overweight or obese adults (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) with vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations ≤50 nmol/L) were randomised to a bolus oral dose of 100,000 IU followed by 4000 IU cholecalciferol/day or matching placebo for 16 weeks. We measured 25(OH)D concentrations (chemiluminescent immunoassays) and self-reported back pain (Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire) before and after the intervention. Lifestyle habits including sun exposure, physical activity, and diet were collected using questionnaires. Fifty-four participants completed the study, of which 49 had complete data for back pain and were included in the present analyses (31 M/18 F; mean ± SD age: 31.8 ± 8.9 years; BMI: 31.1 ± 4.5 kg/m2). After the 16-week intervention, 25(OH)D levels increased significantly with vitamin D supplementation compared with placebo (55.7 ± 20.9 versus 3.9 ± 14.4 nmol/L, respectively, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences between vitamin D and placebo groups in change in back pain intensity or disability scores (all p > 0.05). However, in those with 25(OH)D concentrations <30 nmol/L at baseline (n = 20), there was a significantly greater reduction in back pain disability scores in the vitamin D group compared with placebo, after adjusting for important covariates known to affect vitamin D status and/or back pain (b [95%CI] = -11.6 [-22.4, -0.8], p = 0.04). Our findings suggest that vitamin D supplementation in overweight or obese and markedly vitamin D deficient adults (25(OH)D <30 nmol/L) may improve back pain disability. Although treating severe vitamin D deficiency is recommended for optimising bone health, this study suggests it may also improve back pain. Hence, testing for vitamin D deficiency in those with back pain who are overweight or obese may be warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-217
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume185
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Back pain
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Randomised controlled trial
  • Vitamin D

Cite this

@article{08c4985d81454692943fc1e23b1f5bf1,
title = "Vitamin D supplementation may improve back pain disability in vitamin D deficient and overweight or obese adults",
abstract = "Back pain is currently the greatest cause of disability worldwide, and there are very limited therapeutic options available. Vitamin D deficiency and obesity are both risk factors for back pain. The few randomised controlled trials examining the effects of vitamin D supplementation on back pain have methodological limitations and largely include non-vitamin D deficient participants. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether vitamin D supplementation improves back pain symptoms in vitamin D deficient and overweight or obese, otherwise healthy adults. Sixty-five overweight or obese adults (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) with vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations ≤50 nmol/L) were randomised to a bolus oral dose of 100,000 IU followed by 4000 IU cholecalciferol/day or matching placebo for 16 weeks. We measured 25(OH)D concentrations (chemiluminescent immunoassays) and self-reported back pain (Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire) before and after the intervention. Lifestyle habits including sun exposure, physical activity, and diet were collected using questionnaires. Fifty-four participants completed the study, of which 49 had complete data for back pain and were included in the present analyses (31 M/18 F; mean ± SD age: 31.8 ± 8.9 years; BMI: 31.1 ± 4.5 kg/m2). After the 16-week intervention, 25(OH)D levels increased significantly with vitamin D supplementation compared with placebo (55.7 ± 20.9 versus 3.9 ± 14.4 nmol/L, respectively, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences between vitamin D and placebo groups in change in back pain intensity or disability scores (all p > 0.05). However, in those with 25(OH)D concentrations <30 nmol/L at baseline (n = 20), there was a significantly greater reduction in back pain disability scores in the vitamin D group compared with placebo, after adjusting for important covariates known to affect vitamin D status and/or back pain (b [95{\%}CI] = -11.6 [-22.4, -0.8], p = 0.04). Our findings suggest that vitamin D supplementation in overweight or obese and markedly vitamin D deficient adults (25(OH)D <30 nmol/L) may improve back pain disability. Although treating severe vitamin D deficiency is recommended for optimising bone health, this study suggests it may also improve back pain. Hence, testing for vitamin D deficiency in those with back pain who are overweight or obese may be warranted.",
keywords = "Back pain, Overweight and obesity, Randomised controlled trial, Vitamin D",
author = "Brady, {Sharmayne R.E.} and Negar Naderpoor and {de Courten}, {Maximilian P.J.} and Robert Scragg and Flavia Cicuttini and Aya Mousa and {de Courten}, Barbora",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsbmb.2018.09.005",
language = "English",
volume = "185",
pages = "212--217",
journal = "Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology",
issn = "0960-0760",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vitamin D supplementation may improve back pain disability in vitamin D deficient and overweight or obese adults

AU - Brady, Sharmayne R.E.

AU - Naderpoor, Negar

AU - de Courten, Maximilian P.J.

AU - Scragg, Robert

AU - Cicuttini, Flavia

AU - Mousa, Aya

AU - de Courten, Barbora

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Back pain is currently the greatest cause of disability worldwide, and there are very limited therapeutic options available. Vitamin D deficiency and obesity are both risk factors for back pain. The few randomised controlled trials examining the effects of vitamin D supplementation on back pain have methodological limitations and largely include non-vitamin D deficient participants. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether vitamin D supplementation improves back pain symptoms in vitamin D deficient and overweight or obese, otherwise healthy adults. Sixty-five overweight or obese adults (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) with vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations ≤50 nmol/L) were randomised to a bolus oral dose of 100,000 IU followed by 4000 IU cholecalciferol/day or matching placebo for 16 weeks. We measured 25(OH)D concentrations (chemiluminescent immunoassays) and self-reported back pain (Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire) before and after the intervention. Lifestyle habits including sun exposure, physical activity, and diet were collected using questionnaires. Fifty-four participants completed the study, of which 49 had complete data for back pain and were included in the present analyses (31 M/18 F; mean ± SD age: 31.8 ± 8.9 years; BMI: 31.1 ± 4.5 kg/m2). After the 16-week intervention, 25(OH)D levels increased significantly with vitamin D supplementation compared with placebo (55.7 ± 20.9 versus 3.9 ± 14.4 nmol/L, respectively, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences between vitamin D and placebo groups in change in back pain intensity or disability scores (all p > 0.05). However, in those with 25(OH)D concentrations <30 nmol/L at baseline (n = 20), there was a significantly greater reduction in back pain disability scores in the vitamin D group compared with placebo, after adjusting for important covariates known to affect vitamin D status and/or back pain (b [95%CI] = -11.6 [-22.4, -0.8], p = 0.04). Our findings suggest that vitamin D supplementation in overweight or obese and markedly vitamin D deficient adults (25(OH)D <30 nmol/L) may improve back pain disability. Although treating severe vitamin D deficiency is recommended for optimising bone health, this study suggests it may also improve back pain. Hence, testing for vitamin D deficiency in those with back pain who are overweight or obese may be warranted.

AB - Back pain is currently the greatest cause of disability worldwide, and there are very limited therapeutic options available. Vitamin D deficiency and obesity are both risk factors for back pain. The few randomised controlled trials examining the effects of vitamin D supplementation on back pain have methodological limitations and largely include non-vitamin D deficient participants. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether vitamin D supplementation improves back pain symptoms in vitamin D deficient and overweight or obese, otherwise healthy adults. Sixty-five overweight or obese adults (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) with vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations ≤50 nmol/L) were randomised to a bolus oral dose of 100,000 IU followed by 4000 IU cholecalciferol/day or matching placebo for 16 weeks. We measured 25(OH)D concentrations (chemiluminescent immunoassays) and self-reported back pain (Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire) before and after the intervention. Lifestyle habits including sun exposure, physical activity, and diet were collected using questionnaires. Fifty-four participants completed the study, of which 49 had complete data for back pain and were included in the present analyses (31 M/18 F; mean ± SD age: 31.8 ± 8.9 years; BMI: 31.1 ± 4.5 kg/m2). After the 16-week intervention, 25(OH)D levels increased significantly with vitamin D supplementation compared with placebo (55.7 ± 20.9 versus 3.9 ± 14.4 nmol/L, respectively, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences between vitamin D and placebo groups in change in back pain intensity or disability scores (all p > 0.05). However, in those with 25(OH)D concentrations <30 nmol/L at baseline (n = 20), there was a significantly greater reduction in back pain disability scores in the vitamin D group compared with placebo, after adjusting for important covariates known to affect vitamin D status and/or back pain (b [95%CI] = -11.6 [-22.4, -0.8], p = 0.04). Our findings suggest that vitamin D supplementation in overweight or obese and markedly vitamin D deficient adults (25(OH)D <30 nmol/L) may improve back pain disability. Although treating severe vitamin D deficiency is recommended for optimising bone health, this study suggests it may also improve back pain. Hence, testing for vitamin D deficiency in those with back pain who are overweight or obese may be warranted.

KW - Back pain

KW - Overweight and obesity

KW - Randomised controlled trial

KW - Vitamin D

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053108510&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2018.09.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2018.09.005

M3 - Article

VL - 185

SP - 212

EP - 217

JO - Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

JF - Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

SN - 0960-0760

ER -