Vitamin D deficiency is common and unrecognized among recently arrived adult immigrants from The Horn of Africa

S. A. Skull, J. Y.Y. Ngeow, B. A. Biggs, A. Street, P. R. Ebeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The prevalence of and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency were examined for recent adult immigrants from East Africa living in Melbourne. Demographic data were collected via a face-to-face questionnaire and risk factors predicting deficiency were examined. Suboptimal levels <25 nmol/L were found in 61 patients (53%; 74% of women; 20% of men). Lower levels were more likely in: (i) patients with a longer duration of residence in Australia, (ii) patients who were mostly covered when outdoors and (iii) women. Routine assessment for vitamin D deficiency should be considered for male and female immigrants from East Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-51
Number of pages5
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Africa
  • Refugees
  • Vitamin D deficiency

Cite this