Vitamin C and aloe vera supplementation protects from chemical hepatocarcinogenesis in the rat

Nor Aripin Shamaan, Khalid Abdul Kadir, Asmah Rahmat, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of vitamin C and aloe vera gel extract supplementation on induced hepatocarcinogenesis in male Sprague-Dawley rats (120-150 g) by diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF) was investigated. The severity of the carcinogenesis process was determined by measuring γ- glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and the placental form of glutathione S- transferase (GSTP) histochemically in situ and in plasma and liver fractions. In addition, plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and liver microsomal uridine diphosphate glucoronyl transferase (UDPGT) activity were also determined. Administration of DEN/AAF caused an increase in the surface area and number of enzyme-positive foci (both GGT and GSTP) compared with control. Supplementation of vitamin C or aloe vera gel extract to the cancer-induced rats suppressed this increase significantly (P < 0.05; P < 0.001). Increases in liver UDPGT, GGT, and GSTP activities were also observed with cancer induction that were again suppressed with either vitamin C or aloe vera gel supplementation. Plasma GGT in the DEN/AAF rats were determined monthly for the duration of the experiment and found to be reduced as early as 1 mo with aloe vera gel supplementation and 2 mo with vitamin C supplementation. In conclusion, vitamin C and aloe vera gel extract supplementation were found to be able to reduce the severity of chemical hepatocarcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-852
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition
Volume14
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • γ-glutamyl transpeptidase
  • Aloe vera
  • Chemical hepatocarcinogenesis
  • Glutathione S-transferase
  • Vitamin C

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