Visual processing speed as a marker of immaturity in lexical but not sublexical dyslexia

Nicole Stefanac, Megan Spencer-Smith, Méadhbh Brosnan, Signe Vangkilde, Anne Castles, Mark Bellgrove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A visual attention span (VAS) deficit has been widely reported in the Developmental Dyslexia (DD) literature, however, consensus regarding what underlies this problem and the nature of its relationship with reading ability remains elusive. Thirty-two children with DD (15 females) were compared with 23 age matched (12 females) and 17 reading matched controls (9 females) on the combined Theory of Visual Attention (CombiTVA) paradigm with traditional letter and novel symbol conditions. The DD group performed more slowly than the age matched controls in terms of processing speed, but similarly to reading matched controls. Moderation analyses revealed that the difference between the DD group and age matched controls was driven by children with equivalent, or relatively poorer, lexical compared with sublexical reading profiles. Results suggest that reduced processing speed indexes reading immaturity, particularly in DD individuals with relative lexical reading deficits, rather than being a unique contributor to reading dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-581
Number of pages15
JournalCortex
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Developmental dyslexia
  • Processing speed
  • Reading profile
  • Theory of visual attention
  • Visual attention span

Cite this

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title = "Visual processing speed as a marker of immaturity in lexical but not sublexical dyslexia",
abstract = "A visual attention span (VAS) deficit has been widely reported in the Developmental Dyslexia (DD) literature, however, consensus regarding what underlies this problem and the nature of its relationship with reading ability remains elusive. Thirty-two children with DD (15 females) were compared with 23 age matched (12 females) and 17 reading matched controls (9 females) on the combined Theory of Visual Attention (CombiTVA) paradigm with traditional letter and novel symbol conditions. The DD group performed more slowly than the age matched controls in terms of processing speed, but similarly to reading matched controls. Moderation analyses revealed that the difference between the DD group and age matched controls was driven by children with equivalent, or relatively poorer, lexical compared with sublexical reading profiles. Results suggest that reduced processing speed indexes reading immaturity, particularly in DD individuals with relative lexical reading deficits, rather than being a unique contributor to reading dysfunction.",
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Visual processing speed as a marker of immaturity in lexical but not sublexical dyslexia. / Stefanac, Nicole; Spencer-Smith, Megan; Brosnan, Méadhbh; Vangkilde, Signe; Castles, Anne; Bellgrove, Mark.

In: Cortex, Vol. 120, 01.11.2019, p. 567-581.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Stefanac, Nicole

AU - Spencer-Smith, Megan

AU - Brosnan, Méadhbh

AU - Vangkilde, Signe

AU - Castles, Anne

AU - Bellgrove, Mark

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N2 - A visual attention span (VAS) deficit has been widely reported in the Developmental Dyslexia (DD) literature, however, consensus regarding what underlies this problem and the nature of its relationship with reading ability remains elusive. Thirty-two children with DD (15 females) were compared with 23 age matched (12 females) and 17 reading matched controls (9 females) on the combined Theory of Visual Attention (CombiTVA) paradigm with traditional letter and novel symbol conditions. The DD group performed more slowly than the age matched controls in terms of processing speed, but similarly to reading matched controls. Moderation analyses revealed that the difference between the DD group and age matched controls was driven by children with equivalent, or relatively poorer, lexical compared with sublexical reading profiles. Results suggest that reduced processing speed indexes reading immaturity, particularly in DD individuals with relative lexical reading deficits, rather than being a unique contributor to reading dysfunction.

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