Visit-to-visit (long-term) and ambulatory (short-term) blood pressure variability to predict mortality in an elderly hypertensive population

Enayet K. Chowdhury, Lindon M.H. Wing, Garry L.R. Jennings, Lawrence J. Beilin, Christopher M. Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the association of different types of blood pressure (BP) variability measures estimated from either short-term ambulatory reading-to-reading or long-term clinic visit-to-visit BP records with long-term survival in an elderly treated hypertensive population. Methods: A subset of patients (n = 508) aged at least 65-years was studied from the Second Australian National Blood Pressure study. We estimated SBP and DBP BP variability as the SD of ambulatory (24-h, daytime, night-time) and clinic visit-to-visit BP directly from all corresponding on-treatment within-individual BP records. Ambulatory 'weighted day-night' variability was calculated as a weighted mean of daytime and night-time SD. Cox-proportional hazard models adjusted for baseline risk factors (Model 1) and corresponding on-treatment BP (Model 2) or average night-time SBP (best predictive BP measure for outcome) (Model 3) were used to determine the relationship between long-term outcome and BP variability. Results: Over a median of 10.6 years, 101 patients died from any cause, of which 51 deaths were cardiovascular. We observed increase in 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP/DBP variability was significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality in all models. For cardiovascular mortality, only 'weighted day-night' SBP variability significantly predicted risk in all models (Model 3 hazard ratio: 1.09, 95% confidence interval: 1.00-1.19, P = 0.04). Long-term BP variability was not associated with any outcome. On direct comparison, both 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' BP variability measures provided similar prognostic information. Conclusion: Short-term 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP variability from ambulatory BP recordings was a better predictor of mortality in elderly treated hypertensive patients than long-term BP variability from visit-to-visit BP recordings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1067
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • ambulatory blood pressure
  • blood pressure variability
  • cardiovascular events
  • clinic blood pressure
  • elderly
  • hypertension

Cite this

@article{b7c77d18ab2e4fa1b8b113e5d7af5b51,
title = "Visit-to-visit (long-term) and ambulatory (short-term) blood pressure variability to predict mortality in an elderly hypertensive population",
abstract = "Objectives: To explore the association of different types of blood pressure (BP) variability measures estimated from either short-term ambulatory reading-to-reading or long-term clinic visit-to-visit BP records with long-term survival in an elderly treated hypertensive population. Methods: A subset of patients (n = 508) aged at least 65-years was studied from the Second Australian National Blood Pressure study. We estimated SBP and DBP BP variability as the SD of ambulatory (24-h, daytime, night-time) and clinic visit-to-visit BP directly from all corresponding on-treatment within-individual BP records. Ambulatory 'weighted day-night' variability was calculated as a weighted mean of daytime and night-time SD. Cox-proportional hazard models adjusted for baseline risk factors (Model 1) and corresponding on-treatment BP (Model 2) or average night-time SBP (best predictive BP measure for outcome) (Model 3) were used to determine the relationship between long-term outcome and BP variability. Results: Over a median of 10.6 years, 101 patients died from any cause, of which 51 deaths were cardiovascular. We observed increase in 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP/DBP variability was significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality in all models. For cardiovascular mortality, only 'weighted day-night' SBP variability significantly predicted risk in all models (Model 3 hazard ratio: 1.09, 95{\%} confidence interval: 1.00-1.19, P = 0.04). Long-term BP variability was not associated with any outcome. On direct comparison, both 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' BP variability measures provided similar prognostic information. Conclusion: Short-term 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP variability from ambulatory BP recordings was a better predictor of mortality in elderly treated hypertensive patients than long-term BP variability from visit-to-visit BP recordings.",
keywords = "ambulatory blood pressure, blood pressure variability, cardiovascular events, clinic blood pressure, elderly, hypertension",
author = "Chowdhury, {Enayet K.} and Wing, {Lindon M.H.} and Jennings, {Garry L.R.} and Beilin, {Lawrence J.} and Reid, {Christopher M.}",
year = "2018",
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language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "1059--1067",
journal = "Journal of Hypertension",
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}

Visit-to-visit (long-term) and ambulatory (short-term) blood pressure variability to predict mortality in an elderly hypertensive population. / Chowdhury, Enayet K.; Wing, Lindon M.H.; Jennings, Garry L.R.; Beilin, Lawrence J.; Reid, Christopher M.

In: Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 36, No. 5, 01.05.2018, p. 1059-1067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Visit-to-visit (long-term) and ambulatory (short-term) blood pressure variability to predict mortality in an elderly hypertensive population

AU - Chowdhury, Enayet K.

AU - Wing, Lindon M.H.

AU - Jennings, Garry L.R.

AU - Beilin, Lawrence J.

AU - Reid, Christopher M.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Objectives: To explore the association of different types of blood pressure (BP) variability measures estimated from either short-term ambulatory reading-to-reading or long-term clinic visit-to-visit BP records with long-term survival in an elderly treated hypertensive population. Methods: A subset of patients (n = 508) aged at least 65-years was studied from the Second Australian National Blood Pressure study. We estimated SBP and DBP BP variability as the SD of ambulatory (24-h, daytime, night-time) and clinic visit-to-visit BP directly from all corresponding on-treatment within-individual BP records. Ambulatory 'weighted day-night' variability was calculated as a weighted mean of daytime and night-time SD. Cox-proportional hazard models adjusted for baseline risk factors (Model 1) and corresponding on-treatment BP (Model 2) or average night-time SBP (best predictive BP measure for outcome) (Model 3) were used to determine the relationship between long-term outcome and BP variability. Results: Over a median of 10.6 years, 101 patients died from any cause, of which 51 deaths were cardiovascular. We observed increase in 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP/DBP variability was significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality in all models. For cardiovascular mortality, only 'weighted day-night' SBP variability significantly predicted risk in all models (Model 3 hazard ratio: 1.09, 95% confidence interval: 1.00-1.19, P = 0.04). Long-term BP variability was not associated with any outcome. On direct comparison, both 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' BP variability measures provided similar prognostic information. Conclusion: Short-term 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP variability from ambulatory BP recordings was a better predictor of mortality in elderly treated hypertensive patients than long-term BP variability from visit-to-visit BP recordings.

AB - Objectives: To explore the association of different types of blood pressure (BP) variability measures estimated from either short-term ambulatory reading-to-reading or long-term clinic visit-to-visit BP records with long-term survival in an elderly treated hypertensive population. Methods: A subset of patients (n = 508) aged at least 65-years was studied from the Second Australian National Blood Pressure study. We estimated SBP and DBP BP variability as the SD of ambulatory (24-h, daytime, night-time) and clinic visit-to-visit BP directly from all corresponding on-treatment within-individual BP records. Ambulatory 'weighted day-night' variability was calculated as a weighted mean of daytime and night-time SD. Cox-proportional hazard models adjusted for baseline risk factors (Model 1) and corresponding on-treatment BP (Model 2) or average night-time SBP (best predictive BP measure for outcome) (Model 3) were used to determine the relationship between long-term outcome and BP variability. Results: Over a median of 10.6 years, 101 patients died from any cause, of which 51 deaths were cardiovascular. We observed increase in 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP/DBP variability was significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality in all models. For cardiovascular mortality, only 'weighted day-night' SBP variability significantly predicted risk in all models (Model 3 hazard ratio: 1.09, 95% confidence interval: 1.00-1.19, P = 0.04). Long-term BP variability was not associated with any outcome. On direct comparison, both 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' BP variability measures provided similar prognostic information. Conclusion: Short-term 'daytime' and 'weighted day-night' SBP variability from ambulatory BP recordings was a better predictor of mortality in elderly treated hypertensive patients than long-term BP variability from visit-to-visit BP recordings.

KW - ambulatory blood pressure

KW - blood pressure variability

KW - cardiovascular events

KW - clinic blood pressure

KW - elderly

KW - hypertension

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DO - 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001652

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