Visible-light-sensitive triazine-coated silica nanoparticles: a dual role approach to polymer nanocomposite materials with enhanced properties

Xiaotong Peng, Jing Zhang, Zbigniew H. Stachurski, Mark M. Banaszak Holl, Pu Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocomposite materials are of great interest because of their superior properties. Besides the traditional synthesis methods that require high temperatures or toxic solvents, photopolymerization technology provides a simple, low-cost, and environmentally friendly route in preparing nanocomposites. In this research, the preparation of blue-light-sensitive triazine derivative-coated silica nanoparticles is presented. The resulting triazine-coated silica nanoparticles can play a dual role, i.e., acting as both photoinitiators to trigger photopolymerization reactions under the irradiation of LED@410 nm and fillers to endow the produced photopolymer nanocomposite materials with enhanced properties. Specifically, the triazine-coated silica nanoparticles can successfully induce free radical polymerization of trimethylolpropane triacrylate efficiently under the irradiation of LED@410 nm and demonstrate comparable photoinitiation ability to the triazine derivative-based photoinitiator. The effects of different loading amounts of triazine-coated silica nanoparticles toward the photopolymerization kinetics are also evaluated. By coating with the triazine derivative, the nanoparticles show good dispersion in the polymer matrix and significantly reduce the shrinkage of the samples during the photopolymerization. Moreover, the photocured nanocomposites exhibit enhanced migration stability and mechanical properties when an optimal amount of triazine-coated silica nanoparticles is added in the formulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46033–46042
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sept 2021

Keywords

  • flexural modulus
  • migration stability
  • nanocomposite
  • photopolymerization
  • silica nanoparticles
  • visible light

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