Viral phenotypes and antibody responses in long-term survivors infected with attenuated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 containing deletions in the nef and long terminal repeat regions

Erin E. Verity, Dimitra Zotos, Kim Wilson, Catherine Chatfield, Victoria A Lawson, Dominic E Dwyer, Anthony Cunningham, Jennifer Learmont, Wayne B Dyer, Stephen John Sullivan, Melissa Churchill, Steven L. Wesselingh, Dana Gabuzda, Paul R. Gorry, Dale A. McPhee

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19 Citations (Scopus)


The Sydney Blood Bank Cohort (SBBC) consists of eight blood transfusion recipients infected with nef-attenuated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) acquired from a single donor. Here, we show that viral phenotypes and antibody responses differ considerably between individual cohort members, despite the single source of infection. Replication of isolated virus varied from barely detectable to similar to that of the wild-type virus, and virus isolated from five SBBC members showed coreceptor usage signatures unique to each individual. Higher viral loads and stronger neutralizing antibody responses were associated with better-replicating viral strains, and detectable viral replication was essential for the development of strong and sustained humoral immune responses. Despite the presence of strong neutralizing antibodies in a number of SBBC members, disease progression was not prevented, and each cohort member studied displayed a unique outcome of infection with nef-attenuated HIV-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9268-9278
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Virology
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

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