Social disorganization theory suggests that violence and aggression cluster in neighborhoods characterized by poverty, residential instability, and racial or ethnic diversity. These neighborhood factors create opportunities for violence by disrupting neighborhood networks necessary for the informal regulation of crime. In this chapter, we chart the development of social disorganization theory from early explanations of the spatial concentration of delinquency in 20th‐century Chicago to the development of the systemic model of community regulation and collective efficacy theory. We also consider the influence of social disorganization theory on community crime prevention initiatives. We conclude by discussing the changing nature of communities and the associated challenges for promoting community engagement and the development of informal social control at the local level.
|Title of host publication||The Wiley Handbook of Violence and Aggression|
|Subtitle of host publication||Definition, Conception, and Development|
|Place of Publication||Milton QLD Australia|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Sep 2017|
- aggression; crime; disadvantage; disorder; disorganization; diversity; informal social control; neighborhood violence