Vergasovaite Cu3O[(Mo,S)O4][SO4], a new copper-oxy-molybdate-sulfate from Kamchatka

Elena Y. Bykova, Peter Berlepsch, Pavel M. Kartashov, Joël Brugger, Thomas Armbruster, Alan J. Criddle

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Vergasovaite occurs on encrustations of sulfates in fumaroles in the Northern part of the central fumarole field of cone II of the Northern Break of the Large Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (LTFE) on the Kamchatka peninsula. It is associated with chalcocyanite, dolerophanite, euchlorine, fedotovite, tenorite, Cu-bearing anglesite and native gold. Vergasovaite has an ideal formula Cu3O[(Mo,S)O4][SO4]. Its space group is Pnma with a = 7.420(3), b = 6.741(2), c = 13.548(5) Å, V = 677.6(2) Å3, and Z = 4. The five strongest lines d(calc) [Å] (I(calc), hkl) in the X-ray powder pattern are: 3.096 (100, 104); 3.377 (69, 020); 2.998 (56,121); 2.498 (54, 220); and 3.580 (37, 201). The olive-green mineral is transparent and distinctly pleochroic from olive-green to a yellowish to brownish-green. Microprobe analyses revealed a partial substitution of Mo by S and minor V, leading to the empirical formula (Cu(2.82(7)),Zn(0.10(7)), Pb(0.01(1)))(Σ = 2.92(9))O[(Mo(0.79(7)),S(0.20(5)),V(0.04(3)))(Σ = 1.04(3)O4][SO4]. IR spectroscopy showed vergasovaite to be free of H2O and OH thus the mineral is a fully oxidized mixed copper-oxy-molybdate-sulfate. Vergasovaite is isostructural with synthetic Cu3O[MoO4]2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-488
Number of pages10
JournalSchweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998


  • Exhalate
  • Kamchatka
  • Molybdate
  • New mineral
  • Sulfate
  • Vergasovaite

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