Venomous Terrestrial Snakes in the Tropics of Malaysia: Review

Iman D. Johan-Arief, Xin Y. Er, Rafiq Shajahan, Faiz Johan Arief, Naganathan Pillai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review


The tropics of Malaysia have plenty to offer when it comes to its biodiversity. In the animal kingdom, snakes play a crucial role and form a large component in the ecosystem, with human envenomation being a fairly common problem. From 1965 to 1971, there were 5203 reported cases of venomous snake bites throughout Malaysia, 18 of which being fatal cases. Symptomatology varies, ranging from mild local symptoms on one end of the spectrum to life threatening systemic manifestation on the other end. Quick identification of species and application of basic first aid management is crucial in preventing further complications, whilst awaiting further definitive management if necessary. Thus, a well-established management plan for selecting cases based on recognition of species would ultimately influence the prognosis of victims.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere7231
Number of pages18
JournalOpen Access Library Journal
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2021


  • Venom
  • Toxins
  • Snakes
  • Malaysia
  • Anti-Venom

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