To define the role of vasopressin as a vasoconstrictor hormone in sodium depletion, systemic hemodynamics and regional blood flow distribution were examined in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats after 6 days of a low-sodium diet. Studies were performed after selective or combined blockade with the vasopressin antagonist [d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)]AVP (AVPA), enalaprilat (CEI), and phentolamine (PHENTOL). Plasma levels of vasopressin were increased significantly after CEI and increased further after PHENTOL and CEI plus PHENTOL. AVPA had no effect on blood pressure, whether given alone or in the presence of PHENTOL, CEI, or CEI plus PHENTOL. Significant falls in peripheral vascular resistance associated with reflex increases in cardiac output were observed when AVPA was given to animals pretreated with either CEI or PHENTOL but not both. AVPA alone produced no significant changes in regional blood flow distribution, but a vasoconstrictor action of vasopressin in the renal vascular bed was revealed after prior treatment with CEI or PHENTOL. Muscle blood flow was also increased in the PHENTOL plus AVPA group compared with the PHENTOL group. No significant additional effects of AVPA were revealed by pretreatment with CEI, PHENTOL, or CEI plus PHENTOL for mesenteric, hepatic, splenic, or cerebral vascular beds. It is suggested that vasopressin acts as a vasoconstrictor hormone in conscious sodium-depleted rats when either the renin-angiotensin system or α-adrenergic system is inhibited but not when both systems are blocked. The renal vascular bed is an important site for vasopressin-induced vasoconstriction under these circumstances.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|