Vascular actions of endothelin in the rabbit kidney

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Abstract

1. The effect of two doses of endothelin, 10 and 50 ng/kg per min, i.v., on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), tubular stop flow pressure and pre- and postglomerular vascular resistance have been studied in anaesthetized rabbits. 2. Blood pressure did not change significantly in response to 10 ng/kg per min endothelin or vehicle infusion, but rose steadily during infusion of 50 ng/kg per min endothelin, increasing 11.8 ± 2.7 mmHg by 90 min of infusion. 3. Glomerular filtration fraction (3H-inulin extraction ratio) rose and remained elevated throughout the endothelin infusion at 50 ng/kg per min. GFR did not change significantly until 70-90 min of the infusion (50 ng/kg per min) when it decreased by about 35%. No significant changes were seen at 10 ng/kg per min endothelin. 4. Sodium excretion rate rose in response to the lower dose, due to an increase in fractional sodium excretion. No changes in sodium excretion were seen at the higher dose of endothelin. 5. Glomerular capillary pressure rose significantly in response to endothelin infusion (50 ng/kg per min). 6. Renal blood flow fell progressively in response to endothelin (50 ng/kg per min), to about one-third of the pre-infusion value. 7. Renal vascular resistance increased progressively with both doses of endothelin, by about 35% at 10 ng/kg per min and about 400% at 50 ng/kg per min after 70-90 min. Preglomerular resistance increased from 1.0 ± 0.1 to 5.0 ± 1.9 mmHg/mL per min in response to endothelin 50 ng/kg per min. Postglomerular resistance rose from 1.0 ± 0.1 to 5.6 ± 2.17 mmHg/mL per min. 8. Thus endothelin infusion caused progressive renal vasoconstriction with similar magnitude increases in both pre- and postglomerular vessels. The vasoconstriction of the kidney caused by endothelin occurred at a dose which did not effect systemic blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-872
Number of pages12
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume17
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glomerular capillary pressure
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Postglomerular resistance
  • Preglomerular resistance
  • Renal blood flow
  • Renal vascular resistance
  • Sodium excretion rate
  • Tubular stop flow pressure

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