Variable and hierarchical size distribution of L1-retroelement-enriched CENP-A clusters within a functional human neocentromere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Human neocentromeres are fully functional centromeres that arise epigenetically from non-centromeric precursor sequences that are devoid of α-satellite DNA. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and BAC-array analysis, we have previously described a 330 kb binding domain for CENP-A (a histone H3 variant that confers centromere-specific nucleosomal property) at the 10q25 neocentromere found on a chromosome 10-derived marker chromosome mardel(10). For the further detailed analysis of the CENP-A-associated chromatin, we have generated a high-resolution genomic array consisting of PCR fragments with an average size of 8 kb, providing an ∼20-fold increment in analytical resolution. ChIP and PCR-array analysis reveals seven distinct CENP-A-binding clusters within the 330 kb domain, demonstrating the interspersion of CENP-A-associated nucleosomal blocks within the neocentromeric chromatin. Independent ChIP-PCR analysis verified this distribution profile and indicated that histone H3-containing nucleosomes directly intervene the CENP-A-binding clusters. The CENP-A-binding clusters are uneven in size, with the central cluster (>50 kb) being significantly larger than the flanking ones (10-30 kb), and the flanking clusters arranged in an interesting hierarchical and symmetrical configuration of alternating larger and smaller sizes around the central cluster. In silico sequence analysis indicates an ∼2.5-fold increase in the prevalence of L1 retroelements within the CENP-A-binding clusters when compared with the non-CENP-A-binding regions. These results provide insight into the possible role of retroelements in determining the positioning of CENP-A binding at human neocentromeres, and that a hierarchical and symmetrical arrangement of CENP-A-binding clusters of varying sizes may be an important structural requirement for mammalian kinetochore assembly and/or to provide stability to withstand polar microtubule forces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

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title = "Variable and hierarchical size distribution of L1-retroelement-enriched CENP-A clusters within a functional human neocentromere",
abstract = "Human neocentromeres are fully functional centromeres that arise epigenetically from non-centromeric precursor sequences that are devoid of α-satellite DNA. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and BAC-array analysis, we have previously described a 330 kb binding domain for CENP-A (a histone H3 variant that confers centromere-specific nucleosomal property) at the 10q25 neocentromere found on a chromosome 10-derived marker chromosome mardel(10). For the further detailed analysis of the CENP-A-associated chromatin, we have generated a high-resolution genomic array consisting of PCR fragments with an average size of 8 kb, providing an ∼20-fold increment in analytical resolution. ChIP and PCR-array analysis reveals seven distinct CENP-A-binding clusters within the 330 kb domain, demonstrating the interspersion of CENP-A-associated nucleosomal blocks within the neocentromeric chromatin. Independent ChIP-PCR analysis verified this distribution profile and indicated that histone H3-containing nucleosomes directly intervene the CENP-A-binding clusters. The CENP-A-binding clusters are uneven in size, with the central cluster (>50 kb) being significantly larger than the flanking ones (10-30 kb), and the flanking clusters arranged in an interesting hierarchical and symmetrical configuration of alternating larger and smaller sizes around the central cluster. In silico sequence analysis indicates an ∼2.5-fold increase in the prevalence of L1 retroelements within the CENP-A-binding clusters when compared with the non-CENP-A-binding regions. These results provide insight into the possible role of retroelements in determining the positioning of CENP-A binding at human neocentromeres, and that a hierarchical and symmetrical arrangement of CENP-A-binding clusters of varying sizes may be an important structural requirement for mammalian kinetochore assembly and/or to provide stability to withstand polar microtubule forces.",
author = "Chueh, {Anderly C.} and Wong, {Lee H.} and Nicholas Wong and Choo, {K. H Andy}",
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Variable and hierarchical size distribution of L1-retroelement-enriched CENP-A clusters within a functional human neocentromere. / Chueh, Anderly C.; Wong, Lee H.; Wong, Nicholas; Choo, K. H Andy.

In: Human Molecular Genetics, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.01.2005, p. 85-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - Human neocentromeres are fully functional centromeres that arise epigenetically from non-centromeric precursor sequences that are devoid of α-satellite DNA. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and BAC-array analysis, we have previously described a 330 kb binding domain for CENP-A (a histone H3 variant that confers centromere-specific nucleosomal property) at the 10q25 neocentromere found on a chromosome 10-derived marker chromosome mardel(10). For the further detailed analysis of the CENP-A-associated chromatin, we have generated a high-resolution genomic array consisting of PCR fragments with an average size of 8 kb, providing an ∼20-fold increment in analytical resolution. ChIP and PCR-array analysis reveals seven distinct CENP-A-binding clusters within the 330 kb domain, demonstrating the interspersion of CENP-A-associated nucleosomal blocks within the neocentromeric chromatin. Independent ChIP-PCR analysis verified this distribution profile and indicated that histone H3-containing nucleosomes directly intervene the CENP-A-binding clusters. The CENP-A-binding clusters are uneven in size, with the central cluster (>50 kb) being significantly larger than the flanking ones (10-30 kb), and the flanking clusters arranged in an interesting hierarchical and symmetrical configuration of alternating larger and smaller sizes around the central cluster. In silico sequence analysis indicates an ∼2.5-fold increase in the prevalence of L1 retroelements within the CENP-A-binding clusters when compared with the non-CENP-A-binding regions. These results provide insight into the possible role of retroelements in determining the positioning of CENP-A binding at human neocentromeres, and that a hierarchical and symmetrical arrangement of CENP-A-binding clusters of varying sizes may be an important structural requirement for mammalian kinetochore assembly and/or to provide stability to withstand polar microtubule forces.

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