Validity of self-reported influenza and pneumococcal vaccination status among a cohort of hospitalized elderly inpatients

Susan A Skull, Ross M Andrews, Graham B Byrnes, Heath A Kelly, Terry Nolan, Graham V Brown, Donald Alexander Campbell

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    Abstract

    Use of self-reported vaccination status is commonplace in assessing vaccination coverage for public health programs and individuals, yet limited validity data exist. We compared self-report with provider records for pneumococcal (23vPPV) and influenza vaccine for 4887 subjects aged>or=65 years from two Australian hospitals. Self-reported influenza vaccination status had high sensitivity (98 ), positive predictive value (PPV) (88 ) and negative predictive value (NPV) (91 ), but low specificity (56 ). Self-reported 23vPPV (previous 5 years) had a sensitivity of 84 , specificity 77 , PPV 85 and NPV 76 . Clinicians can be reasonably confident of self-reported influenza vaccine status, and for positive self-report for 23vPPV in this setting. For program evaluation, self-reported influenza vaccination coverage among inpatients overestimates true coverage by about 10 versus 1 for 23vPPV. Self-report remains imperfect and whole-of-life immunisation registers a preferable goal.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4775 - 4783
    Number of pages9
    JournalVaccine
    Volume25
    Issue number25
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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