Utility of rotational atherectomy and outcomes over an eight-year period

Lachlan T Couper, Philippa Rose Loane, Nick Andrianopoulos, Angela Leone Brennan, Shane Nanayakkara, Nitesh Nerlekar, Peter Scott, Anthony S Walton, David J Clark, Stephen James Duffy, Andrew Edward Ajani, Christopher Michael Reid, James Andrew Shaw

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate outcomes of patients undergoing rotational atherectomy (RA) in a multicenter percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry. Background RA remains an important technique for plaque modification in PCI, particularly with complex calcification. Methods The study population consisted of consecutive patients undergoing PCI in nine major Australian hospitals, who were treated over an 8-year period (June 2004 to June 2012). Results Of 16,577 PCI s, 1.0 of patients n = 167 (214 lesions) underwent RA. Patients undergoing RA were more likely to be older (71.0 ? 9.7 vs. 64.4 ?11.9 years, P <0.01), with greater incidence of diabetes (37.7 vs. 23.8 , P <0.01) and renal impairment. There was no significant difference in procedural success (94.6 vs. 95.5 , P = 0.57), dissection (6.1 vs. 4.8 , P = 0.39), transient no reflow (4.4 vs. 2.8 , P = 0.23), or persistent no reflow (0 RA vs. 0.7 non-RA, P = 0.23). Those undergoing RA had a low but increased risk of death at 12 months (6.6 vs. 3.6 , P = 0.04). There was no significant difference in 12 month major adverse cardiovascular outcomes (MACE) between groups following adjustment for univariate predictors (OR 1.00, 95 CI; 0.93-1.08). Additionally, there was no significant difference in 30-day MACE (6.0 vs. 5.1 , P = 0.62) or 30-day mortality (2.4 vs. 1.8 , P = 0.54) between groups. Conclusions In this large multicenter registry, RA continues to be used to treat complex lesions with low procedural complications and MACE rates. It is essential for interventional cardiologists to maintain skills in RA to enable effective percutaneous treatment of certain complex lesions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626 - 631
Number of pages6
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume86
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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