Abstract. This paper describes the use of general practitioner (GP) services and achievement of guideline targets by 285 adults with type 2 diabetes in urban and regional areas of Victoria, Australia. Anthropometric and biomedical measures and responses to a self-administered questionnaire were collected. Findings indicate that almost all participants had visited a GP and had had their hypoglycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) measured in the past 6 months; less than one-third had visited a practice nurse. Fifty per cent achieved a HbA1c target of 7.0 ; 40 , a total cholesterol 4.00 mmol/L; 39 , BP Systolic 130 mmHg; 51 , BP Diastolic 80 mmHg; 15 , body mass index 25 kg/m2; and 34 reported a moderately intense level of physical activity, that is, 30 min, 5 days a week. However, 39 of individuals achieved at least two targets and 18 achieved at least three of these guideline targets. Regional participants were more likely to report having a management plan and having visited a practice nurse, but they were less likely to have visited other health professionals. Therefore, a more sustained effort that also includes collaborative care approaches is required to improve the management of diabetes in Australia.