RNA differential display was applied to identify genes critical for the establishment of pregnancy in the mouse. One of the gene fragments identified was homologous to human SC35 splicing factor; the mouse counterpart had not then been cloned. To obtain the full cDNA sequence of the mouse gene, a cDNA library was screened and four positive clones were fully analysed. Sequencing analysis indicated that we had cloned alternatively spliced mRNA species of mouse SC35 splicing factor. A map of splicing structure for this gene's pre-mRNA was then proposed and region-specific mRNA species were tested on Northern blots. This analysis indicated that the overall expression level of SC35 mRNA was much higher in implantation sites than in inter-implantation sites in the mouse uterus during early pregnancy. The expression of alternatively spliced mRNAs for SC35 was differently regulated both during early pregnancy and by steroid hormones. Embryo-derived factors were also implicated in the up-regulation of SC35 mRNA at implantation sites. These results demonstrate, for the first time, that an essential splicing factor is regulated in a complex manner during implantation in the mouse uterus. Hence, its correct regulation could be important for the success of pregnancy.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Molecular Human Reproduction|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Dec 2000|
- RNA differential display
- SC35 splicing factor