The H-titanate nanofiber catalyst (TNC), which has a favourable morphological structure for mass transfer and energy access, was proven as a promising alternate titanium dioxide (TiO2) carrier for photo-inactivation of a sewage isolated E. coli strain (ATCC 11775). This study revealed that the TNC loading is a key process parameter that radically influenced the photo-inactivation of bacteria in an annular slurry photoreactor (ASP) system. Variation in the TNC loadings was found to have a considerable impact on the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration profiles and subsequently, on the photo-inactivation rates of bacteria in the ASP system. The photo-inactivation reaction in the ASP system was found to exhibit three different bacterial inactivation regimes of shoulder, log-linear and tailing. Resultant photo-inactivation kinetics data was evaluated using both empirical and mechanistic bacterial inactivation models. The modified Hom model was found to be the best empirical model that can represent the sigmoid-type bacterial inactivation pattern. An interesting correlation between the TNC loadings and DO concentration profiles was also established. From the correlation, it was found necessary to integrate a DO limiting reactant term in the newly proposed mechanistic Langmuir-Hinshelwood model to describe the bacterial inactivation mechanisms under two different TNC loading conditions of sub-optimal and optimal, respectively.
- Mathematical modelling
- Titanium dioxide