Using GIS to identify pedestrian- vehicle crash hot spots and unsafe bus stops

Long Tien Truong, Sekhar V C Somenahalli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a GIS approach based on spatial autocorrelation analysis of pedestrian-vehicle crash data for identification and ranking of unsafe bus stops. Instead of crash counts, severity indices are used for analysis and ranking. Moran s I statistic is employed to examine spatial patterns of pedestrian-vehicle crash data. Getis-Ord Gi* statistic is used to identify the clustering of low and high index values and to generate a pedestrian-vehicle crash hot spots map. As recent studies have shown strong correlations between pedestrian-vehicle crashes and transit access, especially bus stops, bus stops in pedestrian-vehicle crash hot spots are then selected and ranked based on the severity of pedestrian-vehicle crashes in their vicinities. The proposed approach is evaluated using 13 years (1996-2008) of pedestrian-vehicle crash data for the Adelaide metropolitan area. Results show that the approach is efficient and reliable in identifying pedestrian-vehicle crash hot spots and ranking unsafe bus stops.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99 - 114
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Public Transportation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Cite this