Using co-design to develop interventions to address health literacy needs in a hospitalised population

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Health literacy describes the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health. Suboptimal health literacy is common and is believed to impact up to 60% of Australians. Co-design is a participatory approach to the development of interventions that brings together to staff and patients to design local solutions to local problems. The aim of this study is to describe a staff and patient co-design process that will lead to the development of health literacy interventions in response to identified health literacy needs of hospital patients. Methods: A mixed methods, two-step sequential explanatory design. Step 1: hospitalised patients surveyed and data analysed using hierarchical cluster analysis to establish health literacy profiles. Step 2: clusters presented as vignettes to patients and clinicians to co-design interventions to address needs. Results: Eight health literacy clusters were identified from surveys. Seven patients attended two patient workshops and 23 staff attended two staff workshops. Three key themes were identified: organisational, provider-patient, and patient self-care. Within these, five sub-themes emerged: "Good quality communication during hospital stay", "Social support for health", "A good discharge", "Care across the continuum" and "Accessing quality information when home". Fifteen potential interventions were produced, including changes to message design and delivery, staff training in assessing for understanding, social support to improve understanding, improving communication consistency across the care continuum, and strategic dissemination of web-based resources. Conclusion: This study identified fifteen strategies to address health literacy needs of a hospital population. Implementation and evaluation will identify sets of strategies that have the maximum patient, clinician and organisational benefit. This approach allows for the development of locally-driven, contextually-appropriate interventions to address health literacy needs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number989
Number of pages13
JournalBMC Health Services Research
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Co-design
  • Health literacy
  • Interventions
  • Solutions

Cite this

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title = "Using co-design to develop interventions to address health literacy needs in a hospitalised population",
abstract = "Background: Health literacy describes the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health. Suboptimal health literacy is common and is believed to impact up to 60{\%} of Australians. Co-design is a participatory approach to the development of interventions that brings together to staff and patients to design local solutions to local problems. The aim of this study is to describe a staff and patient co-design process that will lead to the development of health literacy interventions in response to identified health literacy needs of hospital patients. Methods: A mixed methods, two-step sequential explanatory design. Step 1: hospitalised patients surveyed and data analysed using hierarchical cluster analysis to establish health literacy profiles. Step 2: clusters presented as vignettes to patients and clinicians to co-design interventions to address needs. Results: Eight health literacy clusters were identified from surveys. Seven patients attended two patient workshops and 23 staff attended two staff workshops. Three key themes were identified: organisational, provider-patient, and patient self-care. Within these, five sub-themes emerged: {"}Good quality communication during hospital stay{"}, {"}Social support for health{"}, {"}A good discharge{"}, {"}Care across the continuum{"} and {"}Accessing quality information when home{"}. Fifteen potential interventions were produced, including changes to message design and delivery, staff training in assessing for understanding, social support to improve understanding, improving communication consistency across the care continuum, and strategic dissemination of web-based resources. Conclusion: This study identified fifteen strategies to address health literacy needs of a hospital population. Implementation and evaluation will identify sets of strategies that have the maximum patient, clinician and organisational benefit. This approach allows for the development of locally-driven, contextually-appropriate interventions to address health literacy needs.",
keywords = "Co-design, Health literacy, Interventions, Solutions",
author = "Jessup, {Rebecca L.} and Osborne, {Richard H.} and Rachelle Buchbinder and Alison Beauchamp",
year = "2018",
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Using co-design to develop interventions to address health literacy needs in a hospitalised population. / Jessup, Rebecca L.; Osborne, Richard H.; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Beauchamp, Alison.

In: BMC Health Services Research, Vol. 18, No. 1, 989, 20.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using co-design to develop interventions to address health literacy needs in a hospitalised population

AU - Jessup, Rebecca L.

AU - Osborne, Richard H.

AU - Buchbinder, Rachelle

AU - Beauchamp, Alison

PY - 2018/12/20

Y1 - 2018/12/20

N2 - Background: Health literacy describes the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health. Suboptimal health literacy is common and is believed to impact up to 60% of Australians. Co-design is a participatory approach to the development of interventions that brings together to staff and patients to design local solutions to local problems. The aim of this study is to describe a staff and patient co-design process that will lead to the development of health literacy interventions in response to identified health literacy needs of hospital patients. Methods: A mixed methods, two-step sequential explanatory design. Step 1: hospitalised patients surveyed and data analysed using hierarchical cluster analysis to establish health literacy profiles. Step 2: clusters presented as vignettes to patients and clinicians to co-design interventions to address needs. Results: Eight health literacy clusters were identified from surveys. Seven patients attended two patient workshops and 23 staff attended two staff workshops. Three key themes were identified: organisational, provider-patient, and patient self-care. Within these, five sub-themes emerged: "Good quality communication during hospital stay", "Social support for health", "A good discharge", "Care across the continuum" and "Accessing quality information when home". Fifteen potential interventions were produced, including changes to message design and delivery, staff training in assessing for understanding, social support to improve understanding, improving communication consistency across the care continuum, and strategic dissemination of web-based resources. Conclusion: This study identified fifteen strategies to address health literacy needs of a hospital population. Implementation and evaluation will identify sets of strategies that have the maximum patient, clinician and organisational benefit. This approach allows for the development of locally-driven, contextually-appropriate interventions to address health literacy needs.

AB - Background: Health literacy describes the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health. Suboptimal health literacy is common and is believed to impact up to 60% of Australians. Co-design is a participatory approach to the development of interventions that brings together to staff and patients to design local solutions to local problems. The aim of this study is to describe a staff and patient co-design process that will lead to the development of health literacy interventions in response to identified health literacy needs of hospital patients. Methods: A mixed methods, two-step sequential explanatory design. Step 1: hospitalised patients surveyed and data analysed using hierarchical cluster analysis to establish health literacy profiles. Step 2: clusters presented as vignettes to patients and clinicians to co-design interventions to address needs. Results: Eight health literacy clusters were identified from surveys. Seven patients attended two patient workshops and 23 staff attended two staff workshops. Three key themes were identified: organisational, provider-patient, and patient self-care. Within these, five sub-themes emerged: "Good quality communication during hospital stay", "Social support for health", "A good discharge", "Care across the continuum" and "Accessing quality information when home". Fifteen potential interventions were produced, including changes to message design and delivery, staff training in assessing for understanding, social support to improve understanding, improving communication consistency across the care continuum, and strategic dissemination of web-based resources. Conclusion: This study identified fifteen strategies to address health literacy needs of a hospital population. Implementation and evaluation will identify sets of strategies that have the maximum patient, clinician and organisational benefit. This approach allows for the development of locally-driven, contextually-appropriate interventions to address health literacy needs.

KW - Co-design

KW - Health literacy

KW - Interventions

KW - Solutions

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U2 - 10.1186/s12913-018-3801-7

DO - 10.1186/s12913-018-3801-7

M3 - Article

VL - 18

JO - BMC Health Services Research

JF - BMC Health Services Research

SN - 1472-6963

IS - 1

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