Using a modified version of locus of control scale toexplore children with disabilities’ perceived vulnerability to physical and sexual assault in three special schools in Ghana

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This cross sectional study examined the locus of control and perceived vulnerability of children with disabilities to sexual and physical assault. One hundred and seven respondents sampled from three special schools in Ghana, comprising of 61 males and 46 females, participated in the study. A modified version of the Locus of Control Scale was used to determine the locus of control levels of the participants followed by a structured interview guide to collect additional data. Analysis of variance and independence t-tests indicated a significant difference among children with visual impairment, hearing impairment and intellectual disability in their perception of sexual and physical assault. A significant difference was noted between the male and female participants in their perceived vulnerability to sexual assault. No significant difference was found between children with internal locus of control and external locus of control. Recommendations regarding how to safeguard children with disabilities from sexual and physical assault are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1256751
Number of pages12
JournalCogent Social Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2016


  • disability
  • Ghana
  • locus of control
  • sexual and physical assault
  • vulnerability

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