We have investigated the ability of the growth phase regulated promoters dps and spv, to drive expression of heterologous antigens in Salmonella vaccine strains. Reporter plasmids were constructed which directed β- galactosidase expression from dps (pDpslacZ) or spv (pSpvlacZ) and these were introduced independently into the Salmonella typhimurium vaccine strain SL3261 (aroA-). β-galactosidase expression was induced 20-fold and 100-fold when broth cultures of SL3261 (pDpslacZ) or SL3261 (pSpvlacZ) respectively, entered the stationary phase of growth. Within macrophages, β-galactosidase expression was induced 3.5-fold with SL3261 (pDpslacZ) and 7-fold with SL3261 (pSpvlacZ). The spv and dps promoters were used to drive independent expression of the C fragment domain of tetanus toxin (TetC) from plasmids harboured in S. typhimurium SL3261. Levels of anti-TetC antibodies were significantly higher in the sera of BALB/c mice perorally inoculated with SL3261 (pSpvtetC) or SL3261 (pDpstetC) compared to unvaccinated controls. This suggests that these promoter systems may be used to drive foreign antigen expression in live oral Salmonella vaccines.
- Salmonella typhimurium
- Stationary phase