Use of the ferrocene oxidation process to provide both reference electrode potential calibration and a simple measurement (via Semiintegration) of the uncompensated resistance in cyclic voltammetric studies in high-resistance organic solvents

Alan M. Bond, Keith B. Oldham, Graeme A. Snook

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Because of its presumed ideal reversible behavior, the oxidation of ferrocene is widely used in cyclic voltammetric studies in highly resistive organic solvents as a means of reference electrode potential calibration. In this study, it is shown that a good estimate of the uncompensated resistance value, needed for reference potential correction and also frequently an input parameter in simulation of the theory, can be obtained simultaneously with the ferrocene reference potential measurement using a simple analysis based on the semiintegral. Application to cyclic voltammetric oxidation of ferrocene in dichloromethane (0.1 M NBu4PF6), under conditions where uncompensated resistances of ∼2.5 kΩ are encountered, is used to illustrate the fidelity of the semiintegral method of analysis. Inclusion of this estimated resistance value as the input parameter hi a commercially available digital simulation package confirms that the oxidation of ferrocene in dichloromethane represents a close-to-ideal diffusion-controlled reversible process. However, use of the semi-integral method of data analysis also enables detection of subtle forms of nonideality encountered with the ferrocene oxidation process in other media where kinetically controlled adsorption of the ferricenium cation may occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3492-3496
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2000

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