Use of plasma proteins as solubilizing agents in in vitro permeability experiments: correction for unbound drug concentration using the reciprocal permeability approach

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The purpose of the present study was to explore the applicability of the reciprocal permeability approach to correct for changes in thermodynamic activity when in vitro permeability data are generated in the presence of plasma proteins. Diazepam (DIA), digoxin (DIG) and propranolol (PRO) permeability was assessed in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and bovine alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AAG). The reciprocal permeability approach was subsequenlty employed to calculate the true permeability coefficient (Pappcorr) and the operational protein association constant (nKalpha). For BSA binding, good agreement was obeserved between the Pappcorr values and Papp values obtained in the absence of protein. For PRO and AAG, where binding affinity was high, deviation in the reciprocal permeability plots was evident suggesting ligand depletion at low drug/high protein concentrations. Bidirectional DIG permeability data in the presence of either BSA or AAG indicated that neither protein had an affect on the efflux transporters involved in DIG permeability. The data suggest that plasma proteins can be utilized in permeability experiments with no adverse effects on transporter function and that the reciprocal permeability approach can be used to correct permeability data for changes in unbound drug concentration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209 - 224
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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