Use of optical interferometry to measure gold nanoparticle adsorption on silica

Tingting Hou, Lisandra L Martin, Roger G. Horn, George W Greene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Adsorption of metal nanoparticles is at the heart of many chemical and biosensor techniques, but there are few approaches that can provide quantitative characterisation of individual nanoparticle films fabricated at different times and/or under different conditions. Using synthesised gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as a model, the nanoparticle films were investigated using an optical interferometry technique known as fringes of equal chromatic order (FECO), which was further systematically validated against both in situ quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and ex situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements. The results indicate that the FECO wavelengths has a quantifiable red shift with increasing particle densities, making it possible to quantify the degree of surface coverage via the analysis of the fringe shift at a fixed fringe order. Moreover, the calculated formula between the FECO shifts and the surface coverage allows quantitative analysis of the whole adsorption kinetics investigated. Particularly, the as-proposed FECO technique can successfully monitor the Au NP adsorption in situ, which could be a new versatile technology platform for “online” monitoring method, for example in biosensor applications using Au NP-tagged analytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-392
Number of pages10
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume506
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Adsorption kinetics
  • Gold nanoparticle adsorption
  • Optical interferometry

Cite this

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title = "Use of optical interferometry to measure gold nanoparticle adsorption on silica",
abstract = "Adsorption of metal nanoparticles is at the heart of many chemical and biosensor techniques, but there are few approaches that can provide quantitative characterisation of individual nanoparticle films fabricated at different times and/or under different conditions. Using synthesised gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as a model, the nanoparticle films were investigated using an optical interferometry technique known as fringes of equal chromatic order (FECO), which was further systematically validated against both in situ quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and ex situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements. The results indicate that the FECO wavelengths has a quantifiable red shift with increasing particle densities, making it possible to quantify the degree of surface coverage via the analysis of the fringe shift at a fixed fringe order. Moreover, the calculated formula between the FECO shifts and the surface coverage allows quantitative analysis of the whole adsorption kinetics investigated. Particularly, the as-proposed FECO technique can successfully monitor the Au NP adsorption in situ, which could be a new versatile technology platform for “online” monitoring method, for example in biosensor applications using Au NP-tagged analytes.",
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Use of optical interferometry to measure gold nanoparticle adsorption on silica. / Hou, Tingting; Martin, Lisandra L; Horn, Roger G.; Greene, George W.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 506, 05.10.2016, p. 383-392.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Greene, George W

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AB - Adsorption of metal nanoparticles is at the heart of many chemical and biosensor techniques, but there are few approaches that can provide quantitative characterisation of individual nanoparticle films fabricated at different times and/or under different conditions. Using synthesised gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as a model, the nanoparticle films were investigated using an optical interferometry technique known as fringes of equal chromatic order (FECO), which was further systematically validated against both in situ quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and ex situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements. The results indicate that the FECO wavelengths has a quantifiable red shift with increasing particle densities, making it possible to quantify the degree of surface coverage via the analysis of the fringe shift at a fixed fringe order. Moreover, the calculated formula between the FECO shifts and the surface coverage allows quantitative analysis of the whole adsorption kinetics investigated. Particularly, the as-proposed FECO technique can successfully monitor the Au NP adsorption in situ, which could be a new versatile technology platform for “online” monitoring method, for example in biosensor applications using Au NP-tagged analytes.

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