Use of a continuous-flow microreactor for thiol-ene functionalization of RAFT-derived poly(butyl acrylate)

Joke Vandenbergh, Thomas Junkers

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Abstract

This study describes the synthesis of functionalized RAFT-derived poly(n-butyl acrylate) polymers via the use of a continuous-flow microreactor, in which aminolysis as well as thiol-ene reactions are executed in reaction times of just 20 minutes. Poly(n-butyl acrylate) (Mn = 3800 g mol-1, PDI = 1.10) with a trithiocarbonate end group was prepared via a conventional RAFT process. The polymer was then functionalized via aminolysis/thiol-ene reactions in the micro-flow reactor with isobornyl acrylate, propargyl acrylate, poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether acrylate and pentaerythritol tetraacrylate. To optimize the reaction time and reaction temperature of the micro-flow reactor, freshly collected samples were studied with soft ionization mass spectrometry. With this technique, efficient and very fast aminolysis and subsequent thiol-ene reactions take place on the RAFT-precursor polymer, yielding quantitative end group conversion within 20 min and functionalized polymers of 3700-4000 g mol-1, depending on the type of acrylate coupled. The use of a continuous-flow microreactor opens the pathway towards upsizing lab scale methods into larger processes without suffering from problems associated with reproducibility and tedious optimization issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2739-2742
Number of pages4
JournalPolymer Chemistry
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

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