Updated systematic review and meta-analysis of studies examining the relationship between reported racism and health and well-being for children and youth: A protocol

Naomi Priest, Kate Doery, Mandy Truong, Shuaijun Guo, Ryan Perry, Brigid Trenerry, Saffron Karlsen, Yvonne Kelly, Yin Paradies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review


Racism is a critical determinant of health and health inequities for children and youth. This protocol aims to update the first systematic review conducted by Priestet al(2013), including a meta-analysis of findings. Based on previous empirical data, it is anticipated that child and youth health will be negatively impacted by racism. Findings from this review will provide updated evidence of effect sizes across outcomes and identify moderators and mediators of relationships between racism and health. This systematic review and meta-analysis will include studies that examine associations between experiences of racism and racial discrimination with health outcomes of children and youth aged 0–24 years. Exposure measures include self-reported or proxy reported systemic, interpersonal and intrapersonal racism. Outcome measures include general health and well-being, physical health, mental health, biological markers, healthcare utilisation and health behaviours. A comprehensive search of studies from the earliest time available to October 2020 will be conducted. A random effects meta-analysis will examine the average effect of racism on a range of health outcomes. Study-level moderation will test the difference in effect sizes with regard to various sample and exposure characteristics. This review has been registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews. This review will provide evidence for future research within the field and help to support policy and practice development. Results will be widely disseminated to both academic and non-academic audiences through peer-review publications, community summaries and presentations to research, policy, practice and community audiences. CRD42020184055.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere043722
Number of pages6
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2021


  • community child health
  • protocols & guidelines
  • public health

Cite this